Afghanistan`s uncertain future

Afghanistan’suncertain future

InAugust 2014, a general election was held which caused disputesbetween the two major p1residentialcandidates. The wrangles between these two principals led topolitical instability in the country and threatened the security ofAfghanistan. This prompted the US and other international bodies totry to maintain peace the country2.

Afterseveral months of fear and tension in the nation, the two leadingpresidential candidates met an agreement. The two differing chiefsdecided that they would share power equally in a government ofnational unity. The formation of unity government reduced politicaltensions which had erupted in the nation after the general elections.3This agreement was facilitated by the Secretary of State of theUnited States following the request of the international community.4

Theagreement as argued by some analysts was due to the threat ofwithdrawal of foreign aid which Afghanistan economy largely dependson. This consensus met by the wrangling leaders portrayed democraticgrowth in the country which had been missed for thirteen years gone.The main issues were whether this agreement of power sharing wouldlast for long, and whether it will withstand the pressures in yearsto come5.

Therewere concerns over actual division of power as outlined by theagreement as it brought into action the position of CEO which was notincluded in the country’s constitution. The role was equivalent tothe position of a Prime Minister and Abdullah Abdulla was to be thechair.1The CEO would be responsible for managing the execution of governmentpolicy and chair the council of ministers. On the other hand, Ashraf,Abdullah Abdulla’s copartner would lead the cabinet. Both wouldhave equal powers in terms of appointments of key heads of economicand security institutions.

Themajor challenge that faced the agreement was its complex structurewhich would impede government action thereby delaying reforms whichwere needed for the growth of the economy. Afghan’s GDP growthdropped significantly from around fourteen percent in 2012 to as lowas four percent in 2013. Despite the benefits of international aid,its economy remains very small. The task tothetraditionalAfghanconsultative body was to decide if the constitution was to be amendedin order to formalize this type of presidential system to be inoperation.

11 Grassi Daniele, 2014. Afghanistan’s uncertain future: the new unity government is a diplomatic achievement but its future looks decidedly shaky. The Diplomat, September 28, 145