Ancient Egypt


Discussthe symbolism, and use of metaphor in TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailor.How reflective is the story of archetypal literature of the AncientWorld?

InTheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailor, theuse of symbolism and metaphor is well acknowledged. One of thesymbols that have been used in TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailoris the use of a giant-headed serpent, whose shape declares the sailordivine (Barchers and Shelly 28). The giant-headed serpent is a symbolfor fear. Serpent is known to cause fear so, if it is a giantserpent, it is likely to cause more fear. This has been used tostress the fear that the sailor experienced when he encountered theparadisal island. It is also symbolic how the serpent declares thesailor to be divine the serpent declares the sailor to be divine dueto his shape but later dismisses the claim since the serpent brushedone of the sailor’s declarations as laughable. The divinity of thesailor is perceived as symbolic because he ends up changing thingsthrough his capacity to speak.

Oneof the metaphors in TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailorentails the use of the term “voyaging’. This term has been usedby the sailor to imply a journey through life. As the sailor narratesto the Lord, he uses this term to refer to the journey he has gonethrough his life. Through using the term, he does not want to give adirect meaning to the reader, but uses the term in emphasizing thejourney he has gone through his life. The voyages that are talkedabout in the tale are depicted to be continually interrupted bydisaster. Here, disaster is used metaphorically because it means theinterruptions that safeguards man’s life, which is communication orreporting about his problems. Reporting of the problems faced is seenas disaster since it disrupts the voyage or the journey that thesailor goes through. Another metaphor used in TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailorentails the use of landfall. In the tale, the landfall has been usedto mean the achievement of material as well as spiritual success inlife. Furthermore, the use of paradisal island has been usedmetaphorically in TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailor. Thishas been used metaphorically to show that the sailor was cast tosomeplace that was associated with supernatural powers. In addition,when narrating the story, the sailor indicates that they went with ahundred and fifty sailors that had seen heaven and earth and theirhearts were stronger than lions (Barchers and Shelly 26). This ismetaphorical because the sailor wanted to show that the sailors thathe went with knew good and bad things, which was depicted by sayingthat they knew heaven and earth. Besides, by saying that the sailorshad hearts stronger than lions, he indicated that the sailors werebrave.

Archetypalliterature relies heavily on patterns and symbols that operate on auniversal scale. Certain archetypes such as human experiences thatare repeated can be found in literature. The story of archetypalliterature is very reflective of TheTale of the Shipwrecked Sailor becausethe tale narrates of experiences of a sailor, which seems to berepeated. This is archetypical because the sailor is depicted to earna heroic quest after they went out with other sailors, he returns tothe lord heroically. The human experiences narrated by the sailor area depiction of an archetype. Therefore, the archetypal literature isvery reflective in this case.

Discussthe evolution of writing in Egypt from the earliest known stages

Writingin Egypt evolved during the protodynastic period. The Egyptianlanguage had a recording in both the Hieratic and Egyptianhieroglyphics form. Besides, there was a variety of language ofstone-cut hieratic that was referred to as lapidary hieratic.Afterwards, during the Ramesside period, another writing languagethat became popular was the Cursive hieroglyphs. In most cases, thisform of writing was commonly used for religious purposes. The Cursivehieroglyph was very close to the stone-carved hieroglyphs (Loprieno64). The most remaining texts of the Egyptian language are chiefly inthe hieroglyphic script. Nevertheless, during the antiquity, most ofthe writings were usually written on papyrus in hieratic and later indemotic, but these are lost now. From 650 BC going beyond, theEgyptian (Demotic) script became developed. In its final stage ofdevelopment, Coptic alphabet replaced the earlier writing systems.

Discussthe role of magic in Egyptian daily life and in the afterlife. Whatdo you find most interesting about magic in and why?

InEgypt, magic is thought to work by bringing about a certain desiredeffect though using rituals ad spells. Thus, the chief role of magicis to cast out spells and to promote healing in individuals that arebelieved to be possessed by demons. What I find most interesting inthe Egyptian magic is the idea that a magician has powers to heal andcould delegate their powers to priest doctors. This is ridiculousbecause magicians are perceived to have no association with priests.


Barchers,Suzanne I, and Shelly, Hehenberger. TheShipwrecked Sailor: A Tale from Egypt., 2015. Print.

Loprieno,Antonio. AncientEgyptian Literature: History and Forms.Leiden [u.a.: Brill, 1996. Print.

Simpson,William K, and Robert K. Ritner. TheLiterature of : An Anthology of Stories, Instructions,Stelae, Autobiographies, and Poetry.New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. Print.

Wilkinson,Toby A. H. TheRise and Fall of : The History of Civilisation from 3000Bc to Cleopatra.London: Bloomsbury, 2010. Print.