AnemiaPrevalence and Patient Factor
AnemiaPrevalence and Patient Factor
Anemiais a health condition that results when a person lacks adequatehealthy functioning red blood cells to ferry oxygen around the body.In many cases, the blood cells are deficient in hemoglobin. Thecondition affects 10% of both women and teenage girls. Besides, itmay also affect children and men. The disorder may cause a variety ofdiseases.
Anemiaexists in different varieties depending on the primary cause.Pernicious anemia is among the common types of the blood disorder. Itresults from vitamin B12 shortage (Understanding Anemia: the Basics,n.d). The insufficiency of the vitamin can result from severalconditions, including, change of pH in the small ileum,unavailability of intrinsic factor (IF) as well as inability toabsorb the complexes that manufacture vitamin B12 (Huether &McCance, 2013) . Many animals can produce it in their body systemsB12 in their bodies, but some rely on microorganisms to synthesizeit. The deficiency may result from inadequate consumption of foodsrich in the mineral or poor absorption of the vitamin in the ileum.Inadequate supply of the mineral hinders efficient generation ofhemoglobin proteins that are in charge of transporting blood in thehuman system (Huether & McCance, 2013). Consequently, peoplesuffering from the condition often suffer from malfunctioned redblood cells’ function that also causes inadequate tissueoxygenation (Ross, 2000).
Perniciousanemia is similar to the iron-deficiency condition in that they bothdisrupt the synthesis and effective functioning of the hemoglobin.Consequently, they cause poor oxygen transportation in the body(Understanding Anemia: the Basics, n.d). However, pernicious anemiadiffers from the latter condition in that it results from aninadequate supply of vitamin B in the body. On the contrary,Iron-deficiency anemia develops as a result of the inadequate supplyof iron minerals in the body (Understanding Anemia: The basics, n.d).
Accordingto the Human Genome project, the genetics may enhance thevulnerability of a patient to anemia. For example, an individual froma family with a history of anemia is more susceptible to thecondition than a person who comes from a family with no healthhistory of the disease in the family line. Second, the gender of aperson may also enhance their vulnerability to anemia. For instance,teenage girls and women are more vulnerable to the condition comparedto men (Hernandez & Blazer, 2006). Third, race disparity may alsoaffect one’s vulnerability to anemia. For instance, AfricanAmericans and the Hispanics are more vulnerable to the conditioncompared to the Caucasians and the Asians (Hernandez & Blazer,2006). Fourth, elderly people, above 45 years, are more vulnerableto anemia due to decreased metabolism. As one goes past sixty years,his or her likelihood of suffering from anemia keeps increasingtremendously due to the incapability of the body to synthesizecritical nutrient required to maintain stable hemoglobin levels.Finally, some personal behaviors such as eating disorders makepatients vulnerable to the disorder (Understanding Anemia: Thebasics, n.d). Bad eating habits may lead to inadequate consumption ofhealthy diets required to support essential components for makinghemoglobin such as iron and vitamin B12 (Hernandez & Blazer,2006).
Hernandez,L.M, & Blazer, D.G. (2006). Genes,behavior, and the social environment: moving beyond thenature/nurture debate. Washington(DC): National Academies Press (US), 5, Available from:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK19934/
Huether,E.S & McCance, L.K. (2013). Understandingpathophysiology.New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Ross,A. J. (2000). Everythingyou need to know about anemia.New York: Rosen Pub. Group.
UnderstandingAnemia: the Basics. (n.d). WebMD. Retrieved fromhttp://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-anemia-basics