Anxiety Disorder




Thepurpose of this investigation is to clearly understand the anxietydisorder which is a mental illness. This is a leading and prevalentmental illness in the world. It affects 14% of adult population eachyear (Behar et al, 2009). It is not a life threatening illness,although it is to blame for 15% suicide committed by mentally sickindividuals (Behar et al, 2009). It leads to many personal or socialburdens, which with sufficient mental care, can be averted. The studywill bring into light the various types of anxiety disorders thatusually exist and pose as health hazards. This study will helpunderstand and watch out on all the causes involved. It will alsohelp to better appreciate the importance of mental health care.


Anxietydisorder is an occasional and an uncontrolled emotional feeling ofpanic or fear (Bourne 2008). People with anxiety disorder are said tobe suffering from a mental illness. They have unique and unusual waysof responding to events or situations that are usually normal forhealthy people. Their reactions or responses sometimes are evidentlyfelt throughout their bodies. There may be evidence of fast heartbeats, sweating profusely and uncontrolled shaking of the entire body(Behar et al, 2009). They constantly worry about everything andmostly misinterpret information. They always think of the possibilityof harm. In fact, they are overwhelmed by fear making it veryimpossible to lead normal lives. However, this condition is notpermanent but can be fatal if not treated.

Aperson can receive professional treatment appropriate to the kind ofcondition, he or she is suffering from. This can be through drugs orpsychological counseling. People get anxious feeling every day, butthe normal human emotion can be controlled (Behar et al, 2009).However, when this emotion is beyond the control and is clearlyinterfering with a person’s normal living it ceases to be justanxiety. It is a condition that is known as anxiety disorder (Bourne2014).

Typesof anxiety disorders

Onetype of anxiety disorder is panic disorder. This type of disorder isdifferent to the normal feeling of anxiety. This condition occurssuddenly without any visual warnings (Millichamp 2011). A personexperiencing this type of condition often has an extreme response tostressful situations. She/he may develop a fast heart rate andabnormal sweating in response to conditions that may not be lifethreatening. If not treated, this type of person will eventuallydevelop a constant fear of going through that experience again. Thiscondition is mostly prevalent in people who are depressed, abusingdrugs or alcoholics.

Obsessivecompulsive disorder is another type of anxiety disorder. A personsuffering from this type of disorder often performs certain ritualsor has a repetitive behavior that she/he cannot control (Millichamp2011). A person experiences irritating constant thoughts of wantingto control or perform certain rituals, hence the name obsessive. Theoverwhelming desire to repetitively want to behave in a certainmanner or want to perform certain rituals called compulsives. Aperson may develop strong emotions towards insecurity and may relaxseverally their doors (Behar et al, 2009). This person often does notvent out events that happens in the past, they often hoard thingsthat are usually unnecessary.

Post-traumaticstress and social disorder is the other type or an anxiety disorder.This type of disorder is triggered by events that happened in thepast (Millichamp 2011). These events may have been life threateningand may have caused harm. A person experiencing this condition oftenhas been a victim or a witness in a life threatening ordeal such asrape, abductions, plane crash or even natural disasters. The personoften gets flash backs of those unpleasant events and may immediatelystart feeling stressed and frightened. This happens even when theyare not in danger anymore Social disorder is a type of condition isprevalent in people with self-esteem issues (Behar et al, 2009). Theyoften get embarrassed have an inferiority complex and are afraid toshow up in social gatherings. They particularly worry about how theyare going to be judged by others. They criticize every detail oftheir behavior to ensure that they do not attract attention in publicor worse get ridiculed. They lack self confidence completely.

Finally,specific phobia is the most commonly known condition. It centers fromthe fact that one is particularly terrified of certain objects orsituations (Millichamp 2011). The most commonly known phobias arefor snakes, height or darkness. A person suffering from this type ofdisorder often behaves extremely in his/her particular phobia. Thelevels of fear are often very high and inappropriate even if thesituation does not warrant such

Causesand Symptoms

Theexact cause of anxiety disorder is not known. However, it is becomingevident that biological and environmental factors are the greatestcontributors to this condition (Bourne 2008). This means that events,happenings that are life threatening may trigger one to suffer fromthis condition. It is also clear that genetically transmitted. Inthis case, a person who has inherited this type or disorder is morelikely to suffer from it, in case of insignificant or lifethreatening events.

Nolaboratory tests can sufficiently conclude that a person is sufferingfrom anxiety disorder. Usually this mental illness is diagnosed by aprofessional psychiatrist. However, there are several physicalindicators that are evident in a person suffering from thiscondition. According to Millichamp (2011), they are the intenseuncontrolled emotion of worry, fast heart rate or chest pains,chills, severe sweating, a constant feeling of the possibility ofdeath or harm, uncontrolled shaking and breathing difficulties aresome of the physical symptoms.

Epidemiologyand Treatment

Anxietydisorder is the most common type of mental illness. Prevalencestudies in the field of psychiatry have analyzed findings that thereare 15.7 million people suffer from this mental disorder in theUnited States each year (Behar et al, 2009). World Mental HealthOrganizations have concluded that the prevalence anxiety disorder ismore likely to happen to women than in men (Behar et al, 2009). Thiscondition can exist from a one’s childhood through adulthood (Beharet al, 2009). If not treated, this disorder has shown to increase therate of suicide, reduced productivity and mostly more peopleembracing solitude.

Aperson suffering from anxiety disorder requires medicalinterventions. It is normally not a voluntary task. This is largelybecause such a person may not be aware that he/she is sick and mayeven refuse medication (Millichamp 2011). In this regard, it isessential for a person to seek a professional practitioner in thefield of mental illness. And more importantly, have a supportingenvironment to allow one to heal. The good news is that anxietydisorder can be treated and cured. There are various forms oftreatments that are available and appropriate to the specificdisorder one may be suffering from. This is because each disorder isseparate from the others and requires a specific type of treatment(Behar et al, 2009). People suffering from anxiety disorder can betreated through medications, psychotherapy and cognitive behaviortherapy.


Itis very important to detect and treat this disorder earlier. By doingso, one reduces the costs and problems associated with anxietydisorder. This can improve a person’s general outlook and one isable to lead a normal, healthy life. However, it is important to notethat some symptoms may not be physically evident and so it makes ithard to diagnose certain people. When life threatening events happensto a particular person, mental care is necessary to avert thepossibility of suffering from this mental illness.


Behar,E., DiMarco B., Mohlman H., Hekler, E.B., &amp Staples, A. M.(2009). &quotCurrenttheoretical models of generalized anxiety disorder(GAD):Conceptual review and treatment implications&quot.Journalof s,2009 Dec 23 (8): 1011-23.

Bourne,J E. (2014). Theanxiety and phobia workbook.California: New Harbinger Publications

MillichampC.K. (2011). Geralizedanxiety disorder.Clinical evidence. Retrieved from &lt October, 2015