Aristotleon the Highest Human Good
Accordingto Aristotle, the highest human good is the sole activity in accordwith virtue. The highest virtue is the end. In other words, theultimate end of the human is acquiring that good virtue. Accordingto Aristotle, various actions are connected to their goals. Adecision course an action that eventually builds up to an actualobject or virtue (Kraut1).The house building is a decision that makes the house builders totake the action of house building. The end of house building is thehouse. When a target is achieved, the idea gets to the end. Thereforea decision and an action yield an end (Aristotle 109).
Theend of something is considered to be good. Each action is taken toachieve the end results. There is the main end and the subordinateend. The main end is what is aimed at for someone’s good (Kraut1).The end will directly benefit the individual who took the action. Thesubordinate end is an end of a certain action which helps inachieving the main end. People can have various targets that areaimed at the individual’s good. They are called ends. Therefore,one can have more than one ends.
Everyperson has the capacity of acquiring the maximum capacity of good.The capacity of an excellent good is natural and an action is apractice. The practice results in the capacity. Apart from thecapacity occurring naturally it is preceded by an action (Kraut1).The practice eventually results in a habit. The habit develops into acharacter. Therefore, each person can acquire extreme habits andcharacter. The main achievement of individuals varies. According toAristotle, it cannot be mathematically calculated. The mean enddepends on the individual and the circumstances. A good example isthe food eaten by a child or an adult about a food consumed by a bodybuilder. The end for them all is the food. However, the quantity andquality vary depending on the individual and the circumstances(Aufderheide et al 61).
Thegeneral end of everyone is the attainment of happiness. A life of anindividual is measured as a whole. It does not depend on moments orfractions of a life. The total evaluation of the life lived shouldshow happiness (Kraut1).In human life, happiness constitutes living well in world matters.Any other human being associates happiness with material possessionsin terms of wealth. However, Aristotle defines happiness as generalwell-being. An example is when one dies and on the evaluation ofwhole life one can conclude that the individual’s life was good,without specifically pointing at a certain moment (Aristotle 108).
Accordingto Aufderheideet al (61), Aristotledisputed Plato’s argument that stated that human good can benarrowed down to one action. People can be said to be good abouttheir strengths. A person good in football is said to be a goodfootballer. The individual’s goodness is articulated with the bestattribute.
Inconclusion, every individual aims at attaining a good end. The goodend is the virtue of happiness that is associated with someone’sgood. Happinessdoes not replace the fact that someone can be happy even when worldaffairs do not articulate well. In this case, the attainment ofhappiness is the end of human good. The Supreme Good should be anactivity of the rational soul in agreement with virtue.
Aristotle.C D. C. Reeve (Tr). NicomacheanEthics.Web, Accessed, 14, October, 2015<http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html>
Aufderheide,Joachim, and Ralf Bader. TheHighest Good In Aristotle And Kant.Oxford: Oxford University Press,2015, Print.
Kraut,Richard. Aristotle`sEthics.Web, Accessed, 14, October, 2015<http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-ethics>