Art History

ArtHistory

CourseInstructor

PartA-Question 1

Identityis what makes people who they are and how life affairs are conducted.There are many factors that help identify certain people and are notlimited to only a few factors. Art is one of the factors that help inuniting people around the world. I fully support the writer of thearticles opinion that public work can be a basis that grants acommunity its identity. It is used to share the core values, beliefsand culture of a certain group of people. These arts are a chance toremember the history of the community through the display of certainkey events, personalities or heroes and or heroine of the community.It is the source of values pursued and provides a sense of belongingto that history. As a result, people of that community come togetherand celebrate their history while appreciating the long journey thatthe people underwent to get to the present. The members of thecommunity accept the culture and continue with it, hence, forgingabsence of identity.

Thephrase “public art humanize cities” imply that cities acquireattributes of humans due to the work of art. This is what literalmeaning could suggest on the statement meaning. However, thestatement means that cities acquire certain human attributes attacheddepending on the dominant public art. For instance, New Orleans giantchalkboard grants passers opportunity to write their death wishes.This way, the New Orleans acquires the death wish masters attributefrom the public art. Before erecting any work of art, clearobjectives by the city officials may need to be considered and avoidhoisting a public art that spoils the good name of a city but arousepositive perceptions (Haley, 2014, Mar 14).

PartA-Question 1

TheTaj Mahal in India

TheTaj Mahal is a mausoleum completed in 1643 as a commemoration of oneof the Persia emperor’s beloved wife. The public art of Taj Mahalwas primarily built to house the emperors preferred wife of his threewives tomb. As a result, a massive complex erupted that continues tobe celebrated today. The Taj Mahal one of the most celebratedstructure in India and is one of the most memorable jewelrepresenting the Muslim architecture in India. Agra, the city thathosts the Taj Mahal, is regarded as the Muslim city due to thepresence of the Muslim architecture in the design of the art. Thecommunity around trace their roots from the design and pride of theonly prove that indeed Islam religion did exist before in the area.It gives them that unique identity.

EiffelTower in Paris

Ifyou went to Paris, Eiffel Tower is the most notable structure thatyou will see. It is an iron lattice tower standing 324 meters talland a base approximately 125 square meters and boast o be thesecond-tallest structure in France. The Eiffel tower was builtbasically as an exposition by the French during the 1889 world tradefair. It was also coincidental because it was also a period whenFrance was commemorating its 100 years anniversary. The tower wasalso built for experimental purposes for telegraphy. Finally, it wasbuilt to showcase history that exemplified Paris exposition in thetrade fair. The tower is an origin of pride for the French sharinghistory and drafted future of democratic governance in that country.The tower distinguishes Paris as a tourist site and identifies theunique place of Paris on the world map (Kerns, 2010).

PartB-Question 1

ChicagoSchool of 1884

Chicagohad become the most populated city in the United States overtakingPhiladelphia with an estimated population of one million. Need forspace to expand forced the innovative mind to build higher to solvethe land crisis. William Le Baron Jenney is the pioneer of theskyscrapers around the world. He designed the home insurance buildingthat became o be named as the first skyscraper a ten-story steel andiron framed building. His knowledge would later be used in the modernbuilding of skyscrapers.

WoolworthBuilding 1911-1913

Thisis one of the oldest and among the tallest building in the UnitedStates. The building penetrates the sky to a height of 241.4 metersand supports 56 floors. The engineering behind its constructionborrows so much from the Chicago architecture knowledge. Theskyscraper is supported by a steel frame that is subsequentlysupported by huge caissons that extend bottom penetrating to thebedrock. Initially, the building faced was dominated by terra-cotta.Its fittings were bronze and glass while it had a vaulted ceiling.The building is covered with a Skyros veined marble while itsbalconies of mezzanine consists murals Labor and Commerce.

SeagramBuilding 1954-1958

TheSeagram building is situated in new york city and is a 157 tallbuilding supporting 38 floors and was built to house the Canadiandistillers company, “Joseph E. Seagram’s &amp Son’s”. Thebuilding was built on a steel frame while glass non-structural glasswalls were allowed to hang. The steel frame was covered in concreteto protect against fire. The engineers used bronze I-beams that arevisible from outside adding to the decorations of the glass wallhanging separated by the mullions. The design led to the use of morethan 1500 tons of bronze to completion (Bayer, 1990).

PartB-Question 2

FallingWater by Frank Lloyd Wright

Wrightwas at the age of sixty-seven years old when his true skills inarchitecture would come to be realized. Of all his works, the fallingwater house is described as his greatest. The creation of this workwas prompted by his urge to pursue art. The house to be built wouldbelong to Edgar Kaufmann, who was a business person and a tycoon whoowned a 12 story were building in Pittsburg. His son was a studentunder Wright and a suggestion by Wright of building Edgar Jr.’sparent worth house triggered the project inception. The senior Edgarowned a property with a waterfall and Wright visited the bear run tosurvey. Wright used nine months to draw a plan and Edgar Sr. latervisited. He drew a plan that his apprentices never liked because theinitial plan suggested the house would sit below the fall.

VannaVenturi House by Robert Venturi

Thishouse was built by a son who was the architecture to his mother whois the client in this case. Being a principled lady who loved readingand had staunch stand concerning life matters, Vanna Venturi directedhis son that he had to design a house that would allow her to conductmany of her affairs at one place. The ground floor was, therefore,designed to house the living room, the master bedroom, a fullbathroom and a caretaker’s room. Since she never drove vehicles,the design did not have a garage. The first floor was Roberts and hada bedroom and a studio. The motivation for creating the house was toshowcase Roberts’s skill since it was his first architectural workas an independent architecture. The house was later sold in 1973 whenVanna vacated and went to live in a nursing home (Palmer, 2008).

References

Bayer,D. S. (1990). Fromschools to skyscrapers: Building an effective development process forNew York City.New York: New York City Partnership.

Haley,C. (2014, Mar 14). Civil art `humanizes` places, expresses identity,lecturer at NDMOA says. McClatchy – Tribune Business News.

Kerns,A. (2010). Sevenwonders of architecture.Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.

Palmer,A. L. (2008). Historicaldictionary of architecture.Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press.

ArtHistory

CourseInstructor

PartA-Question 1

Identityis what makes people who they are and how life affairs are conducted.There are many factors that help identify certain people and are notlimited to only a few factors. Art is one of the factors that help inuniting people around the world. I fully support the writer of thearticles opinion that public work can be a basis that grants acommunity its identity. It is used to share the core values, beliefsand culture of a certain group of people. These arts are a chance toremember the history of the community through the display of certainkey events, personalities or heroes and or heroine of the community.It is the source of values pursued and provides a sense of belongingto that history. As a result, people of that community come togetherand celebrate their history while appreciating the long journey thatthe people underwent to get to the present. The members of thecommunity accept the culture and continue with it, hence, forgingabsence of identity.

Thephrase “public art humanize cities” imply that cities acquireattributes of humans due to the work of art. This is what literalmeaning could suggest on the statement meaning. However, thestatement means that cities acquire certain human attributes attacheddepending on the dominant public art. For instance, New Orleans giantchalkboard grants passers opportunity to write their death wishes.This way, the New Orleans acquires the death wish masters attributefrom the public art. Before erecting any work of art, clearobjectives by the city officials may need to be considered and avoidhoisting a public art that spoils the good name of a city but arousepositive perceptions (Haley, 2014, Mar 14).

PartA-Question 1

TheTaj Mahal in India

TheTaj Mahal is a mausoleum completed in 1643 as a commemoration of oneof the Persia emperor’s beloved wife. The public art of Taj Mahalwas primarily built to house the emperors preferred wife of his threewives tomb. As a result, a massive complex erupted that continues tobe celebrated today. The Taj Mahal one of the most celebratedstructure in India and is one of the most memorable jewelrepresenting the Muslim architecture in India. Agra, the city thathosts the Taj Mahal, is regarded as the Muslim city due to thepresence of the Muslim architecture in the design of the art. Thecommunity around trace their roots from the design and pride of theonly prove that indeed Islam religion did exist before in the area.It gives them that unique identity.

EiffelTower in Paris

Ifyou went to Paris, Eiffel Tower is the most notable structure thatyou will see. It is an iron lattice tower standing 324 meters talland a base approximately 125 square meters and boast o be thesecond-tallest structure in France. The Eiffel tower was builtbasically as an exposition by the French during the 1889 world tradefair. It was also coincidental because it was also a period whenFrance was commemorating its 100 years anniversary. The tower wasalso built for experimental purposes for telegraphy. Finally, it wasbuilt to showcase history that exemplified Paris exposition in thetrade fair. The tower is an origin of pride for the French sharinghistory and drafted future of democratic governance in that country.The tower distinguishes Paris as a tourist site and identifies theunique place of Paris on the world map (Kerns, 2010).

PartB-Question 1

ChicagoSchool of 1884

Chicagohad become the most populated city in the United States overtakingPhiladelphia with an estimated population of one million. Need forspace to expand forced the innovative mind to build higher to solvethe land crisis. William Le Baron Jenney is the pioneer of theskyscrapers around the world. He designed the home insurance buildingthat became o be named as the first skyscraper a ten-story steel andiron framed building. His knowledge would later be used in the modernbuilding of skyscrapers.

WoolworthBuilding 1911-1913

Thisis one of the oldest and among the tallest building in the UnitedStates. The building penetrates the sky to a height of 241.4 metersand supports 56 floors. The engineering behind its constructionborrows so much from the Chicago architecture knowledge. Theskyscraper is supported by a steel frame that is subsequentlysupported by huge caissons that extend bottom penetrating to thebedrock. Initially, the building faced was dominated by terra-cotta.Its fittings were bronze and glass while it had a vaulted ceiling.The building is covered with a Skyros veined marble while itsbalconies of mezzanine consists murals Labor and Commerce.

SeagramBuilding 1954-1958

TheSeagram building is situated in new york city and is a 157 tallbuilding supporting 38 floors and was built to house the Canadiandistillers company, “Joseph E. Seagram’s &amp Son’s”. Thebuilding was built on a steel frame while glass non-structural glasswalls were allowed to hang. The steel frame was covered in concreteto protect against fire. The engineers used bronze I-beams that arevisible from outside adding to the decorations of the glass wallhanging separated by the mullions. The design led to the use of morethan 1500 tons of bronze to completion (Bayer, 1990).

PartB-Question 2

FallingWater by Frank Lloyd Wright

Wrightwas at the age of sixty-seven years old when his true skills inarchitecture would come to be realized. Of all his works, the fallingwater house is described as his greatest. The creation of this workwas prompted by his urge to pursue art. The house to be built wouldbelong to Edgar Kaufmann, who was a business person and a tycoon whoowned a 12 story were building in Pittsburg. His son was a studentunder Wright and a suggestion by Wright of building Edgar Jr.’sparent worth house triggered the project inception. The senior Edgarowned a property with a waterfall and Wright visited the bear run tosurvey. Wright used nine months to draw a plan and Edgar Sr. latervisited. He drew a plan that his apprentices never liked because theinitial plan suggested the house would sit below the fall.

VannaVenturi House by Robert Venturi

Thishouse was built by a son who was the architecture to his mother whois the client in this case. Being a principled lady who loved readingand had staunch stand concerning life matters, Vanna Venturi directedhis son that he had to design a house that would allow her to conductmany of her affairs at one place. The ground floor was, therefore,designed to house the living room, the master bedroom, a fullbathroom and a caretaker’s room. Since she never drove vehicles,the design did not have a garage. The first floor was Roberts and hada bedroom and a studio. The motivation for creating the house was toshowcase Roberts’s skill since it was his first architectural workas an independent architecture. The house was later sold in 1973 whenVanna vacated and went to live in a nursing home (Palmer, 2008).

References

Bayer,D. S. (1990). Fromschools to skyscrapers: Building an effective development process forNew York City.New York: New York City Partnership.

Haley,C. (2014, Mar 14). Civil art `humanizes` places, expresses identity,lecturer at NDMOA says. McClatchy – Tribune Business News.

Kerns,A. (2010). Sevenwonders of architecture.Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.

Palmer,A. L. (2008). Historicaldictionary of architecture.Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press.