Withthe industrial revolution starting in 18thcentury, the world started experiencing dramatic changes in thesocial sphere. Art world was not left behind during the revolution. The industrial mechanization influenced sign of hope, advancement andprogress in most aspects of the artistic world. It is notable thatthe revolution made the development of artistic items easier. Overtime, artists have sought to use art as means to express or conveytheir beliefs, opinions and attitudes. Industrial revolution wasmarked by technological advancements that greatly changed virtuallyall aspects of life. It saw dramatic changes in usage of machines andmass production of products. Various artistic movements emerged torespond to the growing social and industrial changes brought byindustrial revolution. Changes in the artistic world are evidenced bythe nature of movements, paintings and other forms of artwork.Industrial revolution contributed significant benefits to interiordesign, architectural models and decorative art.
Notablemovements such as Romanticism emerged after the industrialrevolution. The movement picked in the 19thcentury where the paintings evoked growing emotions from theaudience. Romanticism saw the artists create landscapes meant torepresent various settings such as the city (Reznicheck, 2012). Theartwork arising from the movement reflects great connection betweenromance and the physical world. Theefforts of creating designs reflect the realities of life. It usedsimple language known to the majority of people hence making art moreappreciated in the society. And it is from such avenues that localscan recognize what social improvements need to be made to make lifebetter. The Romanticartstepped up the awareness on landscape art with wild landscapesgetting more famous (Reznicheck,2012).
TheFrench tradition on landscape art, for instance, influenced theconcept in Europe. During the time, the impressionistsstarted adopting the style in their paintings. In fact, they usedlandscape painting as a stylistic concept in most of their paintingworks. Some of the paintings expressed the nationalism. In the US,the painters used the style to create designs that had similarphilosophical ideals with those from their European counterparts(Wooden, 2013). Another notable movement is the realism that soughtto represent the world in a more accurate way. It represented thedaily life that lacked emotions and drama. The revolution caused theemergence of classes namely wealthy and middle-class. Some peoplewere left unemployed with the adoption of machines. As such, therealist painters sought to create awareness on the need to developbetter social policies that would bridge the gap between the rich andpoor. Still,many artists became supportive of the revolution since it enhancedthe production process and the quality of the designs (Wooden,2013).Some artists such as Cole and Jones accepted the advancement inmachines. It is notable that the contemporary art depends on themachine to enhance production and speed. It is not possible toeliminate the use of machines in the contemporary world.
Themission style in the US reflected the impacts of traditionalfurnishings that had borrowed most designs from Britain. Mostof the modernartists were influenced by creative designs that bridge the gapbetween reality and illusions. This helps in representing the innermind apart from the symbolic language that he developed through art.For the art lovers, the furniture and interior designs continue tohave a breathtaking piece that incorporated fantastic sense andperfect technique of art. The Artsand Crafts Movementspread to the US in the late 1890s (Smith, 1997). The Americanssought to create new virtue that would substitute the heroic crafts.This contrasted the European practice where the artists reformulatedthe virtuous crafts that were being phased out by industrialrevolution. The Americans asserted that the straightforward andpolished aesthetics would distinguish the new consumer experiencebrought about by industrial advancement (Smith, R. (1997). This madethe society more coherent.
Nonetheless,not all individuals were happy regarding the effects of industrialrevolution on the artistic world. Industrial advancement in countriessuch as Britain was largely institutional where some groupings weredemoralized by the increasing influence of Liberalism and economicrationalism (Smith, R. (1997). Such issues did not go along well withartists such as William Morris who argued that the industrialrevolution was a threat to the traditional creativity and art as awhole.Somedesigners opposed the idea of division of labor in preference forcraft industry(Smith& Smith, 2015). To some, mass production through machines was athreat to creativity and uniqueness. An industrialized nation wouldeffectively dictatethe affairs the citizens, particularly on the policy formulation.
Inconclusion, theideals created after the industrial revolution reflects simplicityand attractiveness that offer inspiring accounts in the contemporarysociety. It is evident that the industrial revolution reformed theartistic world with many artists appreciating its importance. Thereform process for the design started when the consumers anddesigners contemplated the artistic prospects of the applied arts.
.Reznichek,J. (2012). The Art of Industrial Revolution. Prezi.Retrieved fromhttps://prezi.com/pxbojfgwl9uz/art-of-the-industrial-revolution/
Wooden,H. (2013). Impressionism in late 1800s. Scholastic.Retrievedfrom http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3753926
Smith,R. (1997). American Crafts, Cause and Effect. TheNew York Times.Retrieved fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/1997/06/08/arts/american-crafts-cause-and-effect.html
Smith,R & Smith, B. (2015). The arts are under threat – WilliamMorris should inspire us to defend them. TheGuardian.Retrieved fromhttp://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/oct/12/arts-under-threat-william-morris-victorian-children