Breast Milk and Cognitive Development in Toddlers

BreastMilk and Cognitive Development in Toddlers

BreastMilk and Cognitive Development in Toddlers

Thebreastfeeding and development relationship of child cognitioncapability is a controversial topic because different researchershold varying views. Some findings indicate that breast milkcontributes positively towards the mental development of infants. Onthe contrary, some studies argue that it has no difference on thetoddlers. Further research on this subject is critical as itenhances the knowledge regarding the benefits of cognitivedevelopment toddlers acquires from breastfeeding in their earlyyears. The article to be analyzed focuses on the effects of nurturinginfants (Walfisch, Sermer, Cressman, &amp Koren, 2013).

Oneof the main areas the research will investigate is whetherbreastfeeding during the early years of an infant developmentincreases the IQ of a child. Secondly, the study will seek toestablish if high IQ can be nurtured using breast milk during earlydevelopment, or it comes from favorable parental characteristics(Walfisch et al. 2013).

Theresearcher applies systematic literature review as well asmeta-analyses to compare the findings that various researchers hadfound. Both retrospective and prospective studies, irrespective ofthe language, were used in the study provided they covered the topicon the relationship between cognitive development and breastfeedingof young children. That infants used in the study had an age rangevarying between one month and five years. Most of the studies (85%)were conducted in high-income countries (Walfisch et al. 2013).

Theprimary results indicated that infants who are often breastfed havebetter neurological development compared to their colleagues who didnot breastfeed. Similarly, siblings from with the same familialbackground showed that the breastfed child had betterneurodevelopment capability that the toddler who does not suckle(Walfisch et al. 2013).

Thefindings of this study are valuable as it offers parents a simplestrategy to improve the IQ and the rate of neurodevelopment. Besides,it will discourage mothers who fail to breastfeed their children as away to maintain their body in good shape since they now understandthe risks as well as long-term poor mental development a child maysuffer (Walfisch et al. 2013).


Walfisch,A., Sermer, C., Cressman, A., &amp Koren, G. (2013). Breast milk andcognitive development—the role of confounders: a systematic review.BritishMedical Journal, 3(8),1-31. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003259