Career

TheoryOutline

MinnesotaTheory of Work&nbspAdjustment&nbsp

  1. Appropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

  1. Retirees because of the change in social attitude towards aging and their changing working capacities&nbsp

  2. Physically handicapped. This is because of their limited physical capacity to fit into many working environments that require physical activity.&nbsp

&nbsp

  1. Inappropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

  1. Children. They are below the age required to make choices about appropriateness of work satisfaction and other factors mentioned in the theory.&nbsp

  2. Average men. They are perceived to have an advantage over women in working environments.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspStrengths&nbsp

  1. Theory recognizes the current focus on the alterations in the work environments.&nbsp

  2. The theory has strong measures that have been created to measure the variables of the theory such as satisfaction, skill, ability and others.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspLimitations&nbsp

  1. The theory fails to recognize the effect of learning theories in aspects of career choices and adaptation to work&nbspenvironments&nbsp

  2. The theory does not capture the dynamic aspects of changes in workers and their working environment as a result of not recognizing influence of learning theories.&nbsp

Holland`sTheory of Vocational Choice and Adjustment&nbsp

  1. Appropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

  1. Conventional people. This is due to the fact that they tend to do things in an orderly manner.

  2. Enterprising people. They value professionalism and get along with people with the same behavior.

  1. Inappropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory

  1. Antisocial people. This is a population that does not&nbsplike&nbspworking in teams. Contrary to this, the theory is applicable with people who like working with other people.&nbsp

  2. Minority&nbspgroups. The theory does not recognize the small groups, but rather is based on the conventional professionals.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspStrengths&nbsp

  1. The theory has many assessment measures that make it easy to administer.&nbsp

  2. The theory is also&nbspfavorable&nbspbecause of the many Holland-based resources available for use in its implementation.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspLimitations&nbsp

  1. Limitations emanate from the trait factor theories such as possibility of people and work environments changing.&nbsp

  2. Research has failed to establish a relationship between&nbspvariables&nbspsuch as satisfaction and outcomes.&nbsp

&nbspLife-Span,Life-Space Theory of s&nbsp

  1. Appropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

  1. Children above four years old. At this age they understand work and the roles they are supposed to play. &nbsp

  2. Adults. They are well aware of their roles and how to perform them effectively.

  1. Inappropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory

  1. Children below four years old. This is because the children below four are too young to develop any applicable understanding and attitude of work and their roles.&nbsp

  2. The handicapped. Disability is not recognized as a role in the theory.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspStrengths&nbsp

  1. The theory is an incorporation of the ideas of the predecessors and is therefore comprehensive.

  2. It recognizes the&nbspdynamics&nbspin&nbsppeoples’&nbsplives as they play their various roles and the interaction between the roles and&nbsptheir&nbspcareer&nbspchoices.&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspLimitations&nbsp

  1. The theory is fragmental due to the inclusion of many ideas that were formulated before it was formulated.&nbsp

  2. There is lack of simplicity in the theory, making it hard to apply.&nbsp

&nbspSocialCognitive Theory&nbsp

    1. Appropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

      1. Women of&nbspcolor&nbsp&nbsp

      2. The homosexual population&nbsp

&nbsp

    1. Inappropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory

  1. Multicultural populations. This because their cognitive development is not heavily influenced by their own cultures.&nbsp

  2. &nbspDisabled people.

&nbsp

    1. Theory&nbspStrengths&nbsp

  1. Research has supported the&nbsphypothesis&nbspof the theory. For example interests have been shown&nbspto&nbspbe important in predicting career choices rather than self-efficiency&nbsp

  2. The theory is flexible to different populations.&nbsp

&nbsp

    1. Theory&nbspLimitations&nbsp

  1. The theory application relies heavily on experiences that support expectations rather than outcomes.

  2. &nbspThe theory cannot be proved scientifically.

&nbspconstruction theory &nbsp

  1. Appropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory&nbsp

  1. Liberal people. This due to the fact that they are always open to new ideas and willing to try new things. &nbsp

  1. Extroverts. They are most likely to try out new ideas and new careers. &nbsp

&nbsp

  1. Inappropriate&nbspPopulations&nbspfor the Theory

  1. Conserved people. They are comfortable in their own space and do not like changing and trying new things. &nbsp

  1. Antisocial people. They like staying by themselves. &nbsp

&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspStrengths&nbsp

  1. Helps clients of&nbspcounselors&nbspto&nbspintegrate&nbsptheir social lives in the changes that happen in their careers.&nbsp

  1. It views client&nbspfrom&nbspthree perspectives unlike&nbspte&nbspother theories. This enables the&nbspcounselor&nbspunderstand the client well.&nbsp&nbsp

&nbsp

  1. Theory&nbspLimitations&nbsp

  1. It has a strong emphasis on rather than cultural an contextual variables

  2. It give autonomy for people to make a lot of decisions to make

References

Brown,S., &amp Lent, R. (2013).&nbsp development and counseling.Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Patton,W., &amp McMahon, M. (2014).&nbsp Development and SystemsTheory. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Swanson,J., &amp Fouad, N. (1999).&nbsp theory and practice.Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.