Case study Olivia

Casestudy: Olivia

Casestudy: Olivia

AlthoughJennifer gives a clear description of the case, a statement thatOlivia is in the second class is wrong. From the case study, Oliviahas changed her eating behaviors and joined exercise groups severalyears ago. Based on this information, it would be more correct toclassify Olivia in the fifth stage of transtheoretical model, whichis referred to as maintenance. According to Norcross (2015)individuals who have already sustained behavior change for a periodof at least 6 months and have an intention to sustaining healthybehaviors going forwards are classified in the maintenance stage.

Thestrategies that Jennifer suggests for facilitating transition fromstage to state and minimize setbacks are correct and effective. Thechange of behavior can be successfully achieved by setting a plan,goals, and motivating the affected persons to continue to adoptpositive and healthy behaviors. Jennifer identifies social supportand reinforcement as some of the key factors that can help peopletransition from stage to stage. This is consistent with the Skinner’stheory of reinforcement, which holds that change of behavior andachieved through either negative or positive reinforcement (McLeord,2007).

Althoughit is true that a reflection on the previous stages can help inreducing setbacks, prior planning for each stage is the mosteffective way of ensuring that hitches do not occur. This impliesthat one can reflect on the previous stages as Jennifer suggests,identify mistakes in those stages, and then make a plan for theremaining stages in order to minimize chances for setback and therisk of failure (Hill, 2014).

Jenniferalso recommends health belief model as an alternative framework thatcan be used to assist Olivia. This is a wise suggest given that ameta-analysis conducted in 2010 indicated that the health beliefmodel is highly effective in correcting health-related behaviors(Carpenter, 2010).

Inconclusion, I agree with some of the ideas put forward by Jennifer inher post. However, I feel that Olivia should have been classified inthe fifth stage instead of the second one.


Carpenter,J. (2010). A metal-analysis of the effectiveness of health beliefmodel variables in predicting behavior. HealthCommunication,25, (8), 661-669.

Hill,B. (2014). Theimportance of planning in an organization.Santa Monica: Demand Media.

McLeord,S. (2007). Skinner: Operant conditioning. SimplyPsychology.Retrieved October 4, 2015, from

Norcross,C. (2015). The transtheoretical Model. BehaviorSystem Inc.Retrieved October 4, 2015, from