Classical Conditioning

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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

ClassicalConditioning

NoticingEveryday Examples of

Whenone thinks about classical conditioning, what comes into the mind isPavloc’s dog experiment. Whenever the dog could hear the bell, itstarted salivating since it was conditioned that the sound of thebell signals presentation of food (Schmajuk, 2010). This experimentalphenomenon can be experienced or noticed in different aspects of thedaily life. Classical conditioning is very relevant in daily life,more that we can appreciate. A typical example of a classicalconditioning is how people react to unnatural looking tasty food suchas cake or the reaction of a toddler to lollipop. The attractivenessof the odorless tasty foods and the incentive properties that attractpeople to such food can be attributed to classical conditioning. Thefact that the individuals have tasted the food before make themattractive. The sight of the food signals something sweet will beserved. This results into an automatic reaction which can beverbalized or not verbalized. However, if the individual has nottasted the food, this reaction is less likely. For example, to achild who has never tasted the particular food, the sign of food maybe perceived as another toy. Another practical example of classicalconditioning in normal life is the sight of an ashtray to a smoker.This signals smoking resulting into an automatic response. Classicalconditioning is a learning process in which two stimuli, which areunrelated, are paired repeatedly over a period of time. With time, areaction to the second stimuli will be achieved using the firststimuli alone (Schmajuk, 2010). For example, the sight of a cake andthe sweet taste are paired in such as way that the sight of the cakecan achieve the effects of the sweet taste of the cake.

References

Schmajuk,N. (2010). Mechanismsin classical conditioning: a computational approach,New York: Cambridge University Press.