CLIMATE CHANGE ON AUSTRALIAN TOURISM: A RESEARCH CRITIQUE 6
ClimateChange on Australian Tourism: A Research Critique
Theresearch by Bas Amelung and Sarah Nicholl, two assistant professorsfocus on Implications of climate change for tourism in Australia. Theresearch article explores the climatic change in Australia and itsimpact on tourism in Australia. The prospected global change inclimate is likely to affect the attractiveness of Australia. Therewill also be difficulties in the planning, development, andmanagement in the tourism industry. The climatic changes will shiftin favor of the southern part of Australia at an expense of theclimatic condition in the northern part of Australia. By discussingthe aspects of research and the author’s main ideas, thisevaluation will illustrate that the research has effectively exploredthe impact of the projected climate change on Australia’s tourismindustry.
of the Research Article
Thefirst main argument is that the projected climatic change will have agreat impact on the tourism industry. There will be a change indirection due to climatic seasons. The authors effectively use theTourism Climatic Index (TCI) scores to compare the data for the1970s, the early twenty first century and use these to project theexpected changes later in the century in the 2080s (Amelung &Nicholl, 2014). Moreover, the authors examine and compare the TCIscores for different regions, namely Melbourne, Perth, Brisbane,Cairns and Sydney. The authors use the data and comparative analysisto illustrate their argument that the projected climatic changes willaffect the country’s tourism.
Thesecond main idea is that there is a consistent increase in the levelof temperatures in Australia. This indicates that the country isgetting its share of the global climate change phenomenon. Accordingto Australian bureau meteorology 2012, there is a constant increasein temperatures ranging from 0.75 to 0.9 degree Celsius since 1910(Amelung & Nicholl, 2014). Out of the constant increase intemperatures there is the rising sea level accompanied by increasedheat waves, fewer frosts and more rain in the northern part ofAustralia.
Thethird main idea is that rain and water supplies have decreasedmarginally over time in Australia. In the southern part of theAustralia, there is less rain (Amelung & Nicholl, 2014). However,in the general view, the drought is prospected due to decreasedsupply of the water. These are factors that can sabotage the tourismindustry. Due to the constant increase in temperatures there is therising sea level accompanied by increased heat waves, fewer frostsand more rain in the northern part of Australia. In the southern partof the Australia, there is less rain.
Bydiscussing the spatial and temporal shifts in climatic conditions inAustralia, the research effectively explores the impact of theprojected climate change on Australia’s tourism industry
Iagree that climate change will affect the tourism attractiveness ofAustralia. Change of the season will affect the planning, developmentand management of the industry. The tourism climatic index helps inthe analysis of the potential visits hence making properpreparations. In the cases where there is a projected decline invisits, increased investment in indoor amenities is necessary. Theauthors focus on the major ideas of the author as stipulated in theessay.
Tourismis the leading source of economy in Australia, which is a developedcountry. It is supported by both domestic and international tourists.Extreme weather conditions in the areas that are highly visited willlead to a change in direction. Worse still if the areas are affectedby landslides, it becomes inaccessible for a period of time.International visits attract tourist in the order of the seasons. Thesummer season, which takes place between December and Februaryregisters the highest tourism visits (Amelung & Nicholl, 2014).It is followed by spring in September to November, winter in June toAugust and the last season being autumn in March to May (Amelung &Nicholl, 2014). Change in climate will shift the seasons and the dateof tourism.
However,I find the research inconclusive because it does not giverecommendations for averting the imminent problem. Where conditionsare expected to favor tourism, adequate infrastructure should beprovided to accommodate the potential domestic and internationalleisure travelers (Scottet al, 2012).In addition, it is important to study the climatic change in order tomake the necessary adjustments that will promote the tourism industryin any climatic condition (Scottet al, 2012).The article should appreciate the fact that something can be done toprevent the extreme conditions and the effects of the global climaticchange. Rather, there is no cited example of another part of theglobe that has similar climatic changes and whose the tourismindustry collapsed.
Themain idea and argument of the authors aim at illustrating the impactsof the projected climate change on the Australian tourism industry.The study investigates potential changes in climatic attractivenessfor Australia’s major destinations using the Tourism Climatic Indexto argue the implications for tourism planning, development andmanagement, and tourist flows. In agreement with the authors, thearguments, the method of research and the analysis of the researchare consistent. I further agree with the main arguments about theclimatic changes. Despite the lack of recommendations, the researchproves that the projected climate changes. The research, the analysisand the main ideas of the authors effectively explore the impact ofthe projected climate change on Australia’s tourism.
Amelung,B., & Nicholls, S. (2014). Implications of climate change fortourism in Australia. TourismManagement 41(2014) 228-244
Scott,D., Hall, C.M., & Gössling, S. (2012). Tourismand Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation.New York: Routledge Publishing