Collaborationfor Research and Evidence-Based Practice
Inthe past years, nursing has been one of the movements in the healthsector that reflects greater changes than the previous decades. Inthe 1960s, nursing was seen as an applied science, and this was theentry into the age of knowledge. In the 1990s however, it wasapparent that the production of new knowledge was not enough. Fornurses to affect better patient outcomes, the new knowledge gainedshould be transformed in ways that are clinically useful andimplemented effectively across the entire care team in a systemscontext, and measured in terms of the meaningful impacts onperformance and health outcomes. It is recommended that an advancednurse lead interprofessional teams in improving delivery systems andcare. This brings to the fore the importance of new competencies,beyond the Evidence-Based Practice, which are necessary as nursestransform healthcare. The new skills aim at utilizing knowledge inclinical decision making and coming up with research data oninterventions that will promote the uptake and use by the individualproviders and groups of providers (Johnston,2010).
Therole of the advanced practice nurse as an interdisciplinary researchcollaborator and a member of the interdisciplinary team obligated toco-participate in the implementation and use of evidence-basedpractice.
First,a nurse should learn to value and manage diversity. In the UnitedStates, for example, nursing is one of the most gender-structuredoccupations and gender communication, therefore, becomes one of thediversity elements critical to understanding whether collaborativeefforts are to be strengthened. For clinical research to beeffective, a collaboration between a nurse and other healthcareproviders is necessary. However, it has been found that nurses aremore relationship oriented while men are more task oriented.Collaboration requires focus into both functions and relationships.With knowledge on how to tackle this diversity, a nurse will be ableto act as a good research collaborator.
Anurse should be able to develop constructive conflict resolutionskills among the collaborating parties in a research. Mosteffectively integrated healthcare delivery models offer opportunitiesfor collaboration at multiple levels. The multi-dimensionality oftoday’s healthcare delivery, however, gives way to multi-facetsconflict. It is, therefore, important for the advanced nurse to learnconstructive conflict resolution skills for effective evidence-basedresearch.
Itis important for a nurse to master interpersonal and process skills.Some of the interpersonal attributes include cooperation andflexibility, self-confidence, clinical competence, risk-takingability and patience to listen to the other person’s rationale,ability to operate in multicultural environments, to tolerateambiguity, to be self-reflective, and to portray a value that placesthe needs of the patient or community above the needs of individual.These are essential for a successful collaboration (Mansour,et al. 2008).
Anexample of an evidence-based change that would require thecollaborative efforts of nurses, doctors, and pharmacists
Nursesform an important organ in healthcare provision. However, they cannotfunction alone in service delivery to the patients. Other professionssuch as doctors and pharmacists are also relevant and therefore, acollaboration between these two fields ensures proper delivery ofhealthcare services to the patient (Graves,et al. 2007).An example of evidence-based is improved communications channelsbetween these important organs. Nurses will need to consult both thedoctor and the pharmacist concerning a patient and with a bettercommunication channel, the required help will be offered effectivelyto meet the patient’s need.
Graves, D. L., Like, R. C., Kelly, N., & Hohensee, A. (2007). Legislation as intervention: A survey of cultural competence policy in health care. J. Health Care L. & Pol`y, 10, 339.
Johnston, L. J. (2010). Evidence Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare.
Mansour, T. B., & Porter, E. J. (2008). Educators` experience of teaching nursing research to undergraduates. Western journal of nursing research, 30(7), 888-904.