Critiqueon a Quantitative Research on Palliative Care
Critiqueon a Quantitative Research on Palliative Care
Thequalitative study I choose to critique the data collection, analysis,and the implication on was “Investigating the effects of hospitalpalliative care as a program that is common among families andpatients who are suffering from chronic illnesses.” The study wasdone by examining 20 patients and their respective family members whovolunteered to participant on the survey. Their level of satisfactionor complaints especially on the use of the drugs was monitored andbaseline determined during the patients’ discharge period. Theresearch identified the main problems that are faced by patientsundergoing through palliative care how they problems could beavoided. Neuman (2006) affirm that quantitative research mainly focuson the objectivity, ability to develop the findings, and establishingtight control over the assumptions made when carrying out theresearch. The qualitative study examined whether the patients andtheir families were okay with the costs incurred, whether the dyingexperienced was okay, and how the health care provided to palliativecare patients can be improved.
Analysisof the study
Theauthor argued that palliative health care is taken as a “hospice”care. However, critically speaking, most of the hospitals are givingquality service to families and patients who are faced with seriousillnesses. Based on the article, it is believed that palliative careis a new service in hospitals, and very minimal researches have beencarried out to examine whether the patients’ families are satisfiedwith the services. Additionally, the past researchers have provedthat palliative care services show satisfaction to the family membersbecause they experienced improved health care, favorable dyingexperience, and reduced cost of health care.
Fordata collection, analysis, and implication, the article used informalinterviews as the main methods of collecting data. The researcherused telephone interviews where the participants were given“after-death bereaved” family interview via phone calls. Firstly,critically speaking, the questions that were used to the bereavedfamilies were not given in the article. Moreover, I feel the authorfailed to provide the names of the data collectors. Additionally, thedata collection method lacked consistency because the authorcollected data between 90 days and 200 days after the death of thepatient. Consequently, from the empirical knowledge, it can beconcluded that family members who were interviewed appeared to haveminimal experience and distress because three months were many makingit hard to recall everything that happened in the hospital and afterthe death of the patients. However, I think three to six months wasvalid after the death of the loved ones. On the other hand, I feelthe researcher made a mistake to consider the interview of thebereaved families as an instrument to assess the quality of servicesgiven to medical care before and after life.
However,Nelson et al. (2010) affirm that the method and tools used to collectdata was validated using telephone interview on family members whosepatients died while under nursing care, academic medical center, oroutpatient healthcare services. However, the questions that wereasked by the researcher seem to be a modification of the familybereaved after death this was meant to make the interview haveweight and relevance in most of the hospitals practicing palliativehealth care. Statistical software was used to enter data and analysisof the data. Data entry and analysis was conducted using the17.0version of SPSS.
Forthe analysis, the article used descriptive data analysis rather thaninferential data analysis. According to Burns & Grove (2005),statistical analysis can be grouped in various variations especiallywhen dealing with inferential and descriptive data analysis. KaiserHealth News (2010) affirms that descriptive data analysis is mainlyused to develop summaries and organization strategies of numericaldata, population, or sample used statistically. On the other hand,the used of inferential data analysis is mainly useful when apopulation sample of data is taken as an “inference.” For thisreason, descriptive statistical analysis was more essential becauseit can be used to measure and condense the collected data, measurethe variability of the data, measure the central tendency of thedata, and to measure the relationship between the collected data.Consequently, the researcher was given the right to examine thebehaviors, characteristics, and experiences from the family memberswho were participants in the study.The use of descriptive dataanalysis method can be supported because the data collected was huge.The prevalence of descriptive data analysis is that the huge datathat was collected demands the researcher to condense the data into a“simple” form that can be used in future (Kaiser Health News,2010). As a result, the approach used in data analysis ensured thatthe data was condensed and measured to give a more useful formatusing the quantitative methodology in the research project. Theauthor condensed the collected data into small percentages that usedthe results to group the data into subgroups. Additionally, with thehuge numbers of respondents, the approach used was collect because ithelped in validating the data statistically. I am convinced that themethod that was used in data analysis greatly contributed to a betterknowledge and understanding of the research project data, analysis,and results this can be used to influence numerous changes in thehealth care especially when handling palliative care.
Lastly,the data analyzed in the research supported the research questionsgiven in the initially in the paper. As a result, it is possible toconclude that palliative care in hospitals has increased dramaticallyespecially in family outcomes and satisfaction. However, the researchcalls for improvement in palliative care as a program that can beused to enhance physical training this was based on the resultsanalysis and findings realized during the research process. However,I think the article was affected by the numerous limitations given inthe survey’s findings. Lastly, the survey only used familyparticipants who were able to speak English this limited the numberof willing participants. Additionally, the research only interviewedparticipants who were listed as next of kin in the patients’medical record the call and use of next of kin may not be accuratein this study.
Burns,N., & Grove, S. K. (2005). The practice of nursing research:Conduct, critique, and utilization (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: ElsevierSaunders.
KaiserHealth News. (2010). Palliativecare helps improve quality, cut end-of-life care costs.Retrieved from http:www.kaiserhealthnews.org/Daily-Reports/2010/March/01/End-of-life-issues.aspx
Nelson,J. E., Puntillo, K. A., Pronovost, P. J., Walker, A. S., McAdam, J.L., Ilaoa, D., & Penrod, J. (2010). In their own words: patientsand families define high-quality palliative care in the intensivecare unit. Criticalcare medicine,38(3),808.
Neuman,W. L. (2006). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitativeapproaches (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education