DISCOVERING HUMANITY 1
DiscoveringHumanity: Art and Politics, Feminism and Literature
Virginia Woolf`s "A Society" encompasses many facets ofcontemporary thinking. The book observes women`s lesser role to menin classic literature and the irrationalities of men in their rapportand portrayal of women (Coontz, 2011). Critics, being largely male,had not concerned themselves with gender issues. It was challengingto contemplate women had it in them to write at the premier level.Literature critics saw no necessity to separate an unambiguouslyfeminine technique of writing or reacting to a text (Allison, 2011).
She was predominantly concerned with the inner lives of womenfolk.Dissimilar to numerous of her literary forerunners, Woolf intended togive credibility to the undeclared emotions and elucidations weexperience every day. Woolf did this not only by engaging moreconventional feminine refrains at the pole position of her storiesbut by creating sentences with a stroke that exposed the innermostworkings of her characters.
The domain in which the ladies of "A Society" live in isboth underprivileged and exposed. The women do not have an educationand a voice in the public sphere–thus the viciousness anddestruction of First World War. The two ladies at the conclusion ofthe story agree to impart upon the succeeding generation of womencharacterized by Castalia`s daughter to have faith in themselves andnot men. Virginia Woolf puts heavy emphasis on the importance ofeducating women. Contemporary thinking involves much of what hascounted as knowledge. Historically women have been had been more ofobjects of knowledge rather than producers of knowledge. Educatingwomen is highly different with contemporary thinking as men have cometo realizations that women are equally important when educated(Allison, 2011).
Virginia Woolf in her story ‘A Society’ puts heavy emphasis onwomen thinking for themselves. Pre- mid-1960s, women authors who wentpast the traditional feminine stereotypes, and were muchcharacterized as .outcasts. Nevertheless, many of them sustained inthe discovery of new methods of expression. Many female writers inthe 1960s and later broke through the stereotypical and restrictiveparadigm of female authorship. These women authors created andpublished works that thrived in an exposed merriment and assessmentof issues that were fundamental to women`s actuality, includingsexuality (Allison, 2011).
Feminist literature has been a key influence in contemporary thinking(Coontz, 2011). Virginia Woolf through her stories covers thematicissues such educating females and individuality of the woman that arerecurring aspects in her short story ‘A society’.
In the era between World War One and World War Two, progressivemodernism sustained the pursuit of its goals regularly in connotationwith other powers.The Russian Revolution had just appeared, andfor a protracted time afterward, to be the response to theprogressive modernist`s vision (Sayre 2013).
Marxist communism was the audacious effort yet to craft an enhancedsociety. Marxist communism adopted an economic democracy that aimedat realizing economic equivalence. Communism offered the idea ofworldwide freedom founded on the autonomy of ideas. Progressivemodernist artists, in the visionary independence of their works,demonstrated and encouraged this sort of freedom. Problems in thequest for modernism were already ostensible early in the 20thcentury. The absurd, mechanical butchery of the First World Warpresented that modernism`s faith in technological and scientificevolution as the footpath to a restored world was terribly erroneous(Sayre 2013).
In 1932, under Josef Stalin, this liberty was severely truncated andmodern art, such as it was, had to be forced into adopting a moretraditional form, known as Socialist Realism. Suppression ofreformist modernist art in approval Socialist Realism full ofpropaganda also ensued at the supplementary end of the politicalcontinuum in Nazi Germany.
Before the occurrence of World War II, Social Realism delivered theprevailing artistic style. Reflecting and representing the boisterouspolitical and social climate of the Depression. Throughout this time,artists who were based in the city were swayed from a number ofdifferent directions. Primarily they were swayed by Marxism, whichstrained the prominence of socially appropriate art and later byFreudian psychoanalysis, Surrealism and Cubism (Sayre2013).
Futurism was an innovative Italian effort that acknowledgedmodernity. The Futurist idea bordered in a series of philosophiesthat confronted the extensive tradition of Italian influence on artin favor of a new avant-gardes. They hyped technology,industrialization, and transport along with the noise speed, andenergy of city life. The Futurists embraced the graphic expressionsof cubism to express their thoughts – but with a minor twist.Looking at a Cubist painting, the artist chronicles particularspecifics of a theme as he maneuvers around it. In view of a Futuristpainting the focus itself appears to change around the artist. Theconsequence of this is that Futurist paintings give the impression ofbeing more vibrant than their Cubist counterparts (Sayre 2013).
Expressionism overlapped with other key artistic styles of themodernist era such as Surrealism, Vorticism, Dada, Futurism,and Cubism.  Expressionism was an effort that developed inthe early 20th-century chiefly in Germany as a response to thedehumanizing outcome of the growth of cities and industrialization.One of the essential means by which expressionism ascertains itselfis as an avant-garde effort. Through the effort it signalsits detachment to traditions and the cultural establishment as anentirety. The detachment is visible through its affiliationto realism and the prevailing conventions of demonstration(Sayre 2013).
Alison, M.Jaggar. (2011). A Companion to Feminist Philosophy.
Coontz, S.(2011). A Strange Stirring: The Feminine mystique and American womenat the dawn
of the 1960s.
Sayre, H. (2013).Discovering the Humanities (2nd ed.).