Drug Mushrooms

DRUG MUSHROOMS 8

DrugMushrooms

Nameof Student

DrugMushrooms

1.0Mushrooms

Mushroomsare a typeof fungiconsisting of a networkof root-like filamentsthat growsunderground.Acapisjoinedby thesefilamentsby a stalkabove theground.Thetwo notablefeaturesof thecapare theskinon topandgills underneath from wherethereleasesspores. Mushroomshavetheabilityto offersupportto Mother Nature andcan promotehealth(Jiao&amp Wei, 2013).Thesefungistrengthentheimmunesystemthuspreventingdebilitating diseases.

Otherbenefitsof mushroomsare weightmanagement,improvementof nutrition,acquisitionof vitamin D2, optimizing digestive functionsandhas antibacterial properties.Despite themanypositiveeffectsof usingthefungi,thewrongchoicecan resultin poisoning ifconsumed.Out of the10 000 speciesof mushrooms,roughly100 are thetoxictypes.Themostcommonsymptomsof theintoxicationare visualissues,palpitations,gastrointestinal problems,chillsas wellas kidneyandliverfailure(Benjamin,2000).Itis, therefore,advisableto be cautiousto avoidpoisoning by selectingtherightproperly.2.0Drugmushrooms2.1History

Othernamesreferringto thedrugmushroomsare magicmushrooms,liberties,Magic’s,“Shrooms” orMushies.Throughout thehistoryof humanrace,peoplehaveusedfungiandotherhallucinogenic plants.In themiddleages,someointmentsweremadefrom thesemushroomsandrubbedon a membranewith a householditemavailablelike a broomstick. Flying wasa commonformof hallucination,myth,andsuperstitionthat waslaterfacedout by thegrowthof Christianity(Schwartz &amp Deborah, 2002).Thismoveresultedinto thewiping out of theancientknowledgeas wellas burningthewitchesat thestake.Mostrecentlythemushroomsare continuallybeingportrayedin storiesandfairytales.Theassociationof thepressureis dueto thepresenceof with goblins,pixies, andotherrelatedevilcreatures.

Inthe1960s, thehippiesmadea rediscovery of thehallucinogenic mushrooms.Theyhavebecomerelativelypopularsince thattimeandlostits pseudo-religious hippy mysticism.In 2002, a quarterof theBritish populationtooka “Mushie”.Somescholarsandphilosophersof thenewagearguethatthebringingof themushroomto Earth hadbeenan incidentof Aliensintervention.Thisextraterrestrial interventionwasmeantto acceleratetherevolutionof thehumanrace.2.2Addiction

Researchersthat havebeendoneprovedthatmagicmushroomsare not physicallyaddictive. Therepeatedabusehas a relationshipwith its psychologicaleffects.Theresearchindicatedthatusers whohaveusedthemushroomforseveraldaysexperiencea psychologicalwithdrawal(Farré&amp Marta, 2015).Moreover,theyhaddifficultiesin discerningreality,as theCenter forSubstance Abuse Research foundout. Individualsusingpsychedelicdrugswerereportedto havea co-existing mentalhealthdisorderandbecameeasilyinfluencedby friendsandpeers.

Theinfamousbadtripis usedto referto theexperiencewith thehallucinogenthata personperceivesas beingnegativeorunpleasant.Adisturbingnaturecharacterizesthebadtrips.Itis, however,worthnotingthatthetripcan be simpleas one havingtheexperienceof feelingdown. On a deeperanalysis,itcan be concludedthatthesetripsare subjectivein nature.Thisisto saythata personcan findthepatternson a carpetto be morphing into one another,a hilariouscondition.Anotherpersonmight findthisphenomenonto be veryfrighteningthusresultingin traumatizing effects.Themostpopularresultsof badtripsare fear,panic,paranoia,inabilityto sleepanddepression.Achievementin thereductionof risksassociatedwith thebadtripis through havingthecorrectsetting.Somescholarspositthatthebadtripsare internalconflictswithin theperson’spsyche.Thepersonis compelledto dealwith theproblemandengagein a self-healing process.In somecases,itis essentialto helppeopleout of adifficultexperience.

Itis worthnotingthatthebadtripsare not onlywithin theconfinesof theuseof hallucinogens.Othersubstanceslike alcoholcan causenegativeeffectstoothrough traumatizing psychologicalexperiences.Methodsof ensuringthata tripis pleasantto includefacingout negativethoughtsandreassuringthetripper that theywill be safe.2.3Legality

Thelegalof theuseof theDrug mushroomdepends on theuseof themushroomandin somecases,its condition.FlyAgaric is consideredlegal.There is nomentioningof themushroom’sactiveingredientscalledIbotenic andMuscimole acidin the1971 Misuse of Drug Act. Thelawsin theUK haveneitherprohibitits use.In Hawaii, thespeciesof themagicmushroomcontainspsilocin andpsilocybin that havebecomean A classcontrolledandillegaldrug.Thegovernmentcontrolsthepossessionorthesupplyof thesesubstances(Sampath,2014).2.4Anyadvantage?

Expertshaveemphasizedthatpeopleshould avoidtakingpsilocybin on their own.Theadviceisattributedto thefactthattheusecan turnout to be harmful.Studieshavealsorevealedthatevenunder controlled laboratorysetting,participantshadthefearof thedrug’seffects.Maximumandpropersupervisionis, therefore,crucialforthere is a likelihoodof theconsumersbeingharmed.One of theconsumersof thedrugmushroomcalledOsborn madea statementof howtheexperiencewas(Turton,Nutt, &amp arhart-Harris, 2014).Hesaidthatduring thelab experiment,hefeltlike hewasbeingtakenoff orbeingairlifted.Shefurtheraddedthatshesawbrilliantcolorsandpatternsthat wereincrediblygorgeousandmoreintensecomparedto thenormalreality.Thesestudiesof thepsychedelicmushroomsare beinghailedfortheyare revealingpositiveresults.Itcan beconcludedthatthattheactiveingredientin themushroomis theone responsiblefortheinducedemotionalattitude.Theyputthem in a dreamlike statecontinuallyandturnsdown thehighercognitive capabilities.Additionally, itcan be saidthatittendsto dissolvetheir egomakingthusmakingthem “narrow-minded.&quot2.5Familyinterventions

Helpingsomeone strugglingwith anyaddictionis verychallenging. Adirectheartto heartconversationis essentialforsomebodyrecoveringfrom theaddiction.Individualswhoare strugglingwith addictionoftenfindthemselves in a stateof denialmakingthem lesswillingto seektreatment.Theylaylittleemphasison thedangerstheir addictive habitsto themselves andothers. An intervention,therefore,offersa structured opportunityto a lovedone.Such a movealsoenablestheaddict’sfamiliesandfriendsto chipin andavoidthesituationfrom spiraling out of control.Motivationisalsounderscoredin theintervention.Afamilyinterventionprocessiscarefullyplannedandis implementedby familiesandfriends.There should alsobe theconsultationwith theprofessionallike a like a licenseddrugandalcoholcounselor.Extensiveconsiderationsmay involvetheinterventionof co-workers, clergymenandanyotherpersonwhoare caringto theindividualstruggling with addiction.

Inthefamilyintervention,theselectedindividualscarryout thetaskof gatheringandconfrontingtheaffectedperson.Theeducationof theaddictison thepossibleconsequencesandthenpersuadedto acceptthetreatment.Theinterventionprocesshas three keycomponents.First,itgivesconcreteexamplesof thosebehaviorsthat are destructiveandtheimpactson thelovedones.Secondly,ita prearranged treatmentplanwith cleargoals,guidelines andstepson thebestwaysof intervening. Lastly,itspells out whateveryindividualshould doin casea lovedonerefusesto acceptthetreatment.2.6Rehabilitationof mushroomaddict

Rehabsformushroomaddictionare like otherformsof drugtreatment.Addicted mushroomusers donot takethedrugforthesatisfactionof anyphysicalcraving.Instead,theytakeitforself-medication fortheunderlying behavioral andmentalhealthissue.Thisismostlydoneto makea coverup to a posttraumaorpsychological/emotionalreasons.Effectivemushroomadditionrehabs focuson thecauseof its use.An exampleof a goodRehab is the12 Keys Rehab. Thetreatmenthereentailsa holistic healing of thespirit,mind,andbody.Notwo addictionscan be thesame,particularlytheprimaryaddictionto themushroom.Therefore,treatmentin thisfacilityis tailored to meettheclient’suniqueneeds.Theclientsparticipatein two programs:thegroupandtheindividuallevel counseling sessions.Dualdiagnosistreatmentis a termusedto referto anyone with concurrentbehavioral ormentalissue.An estimatedportionof 53% of theusers tendsto fallinto thiscategory.The12 keyrehab alsoofferssupportfordualdiagnosisclients.With theexistingmentalhealthpractitioner’sin thefacility,addicted peopleeasilydevelophealthytipsforcoping.2.7Familyinterventionsin fightingtheaddiction

Specialfamilyinterventionshavebeenputinplaceto helptheaddictsof thedrugmushrooms.Theinterventionfocusseson somefactorsthat guideits operations.Theseare: makingof plans,gatheringof informationof theinterventionteam,decidingon specificconsequencesandmakingnoteson whatto say(Rowe,2012).Additionally, makinga follow-up andholdingmeetingsare othernecessaryaspectsof it.Makinga planentailsthefamilymemberproposingan interventionandlatterforminga planninggroup.Such a moveis recommendable foritis betterto makeconsultationsto a qualifiedaddictionspecialist,mentalhealthcounselororan interventionist.

Theprocessof gatheringof informationis an aspectof greatimportanceas faras thefamilyinterventionis concerned.Thefamilymemberfindsout theextentof additionof theaffectedmember.Theythenfindout theavailabletreatmentprogramsthrough research.Finally,theaffectedmemberis enrolledin themushroomaddictionspecialprogram.Formingan interventionteamis anotherimportantrolethat thefamilycan play.Theinterventionteamseta dateandthelocationwheretheygivea rehearsedmessageas wellas a structured planof intervention.

Thefamilymembersalsoplaya significantrolein makinga follow-up. Themonitoring ensuresthattheaffectedfamilymemberstaysin treatmentanddoesnot relapsing. Itis worthnotingthata successfulfamilyinterventionshould be carefullyplannedto workas intended.On theotherhand,a poorlyplannedinterventioncan worsen thesituation.Thelatercan resultin thelovedone feelingattackedandendedup in isolation,resultingin resistant of thetreatment.3.0Conclusions

Theconsumptionof magicmushroomswill continuedue to its increasingpopularization. Everybody whohearsof itandtestimoniesrelatingto its usegetsthecuriosityto findout moreabout thefungi.Themysteriesbehind thisusegobeyond thescopesof scienceandwill remainto be an issueof interestfordecades. Peoplewhotakethemushroomshould be awareof theconsequencesandtakethenecessaryprecautions.Ifthere is anybody in thefamilysufferingfrom theaddiction,helpcan be sortfirstfrom within through thefamilyintervention.Themethodis effectivein that,anditutilizesthosepeoplethattheaddictsinteractsmorewithandhavea profoundunderstandingof theuser.

References

Benjamin, D. R. (2000). Mushrooms:poisons and panaceas. WH Freeman andCo.

Farré, M. L., &amp Marta, T. (2015). Addictionto Hallucinogens, Dissociatives, Designer Drugs and “Legal Highs.Springer Milan.

Jiao , J. J., &amp Wei, S. T. (2013). Astudy of the benefits of mushrooms extracts in cosmetics.

Rowe, C. (2012). Family therapy for drug abuse.Journal of Marital and Family Therapy,59-81.

Sampath, A. (2014). Lawas an instrument to check traffic in narcotics and drug addiction.

Schwartz, R. H., &amp Deborah, E. S. (2002).&quotHallucinogenic mushrooms.&quotClinical pediatrics.

Turton, S., Nutt, D. J., &amp arhart-Harris, L.C. (2014). A Qualitative Report on theSubjective Experience of Intravenous Psilocybin Administered in anfMRI Environment.