DRUG TREATMENT FOR HIV PATIENTS
DrugTreatment for HIV Patients
Overthe decades, studies have been done on the better drugs to combat theHIV and prevent its spread. In 1996 for example, the discovery of apotent combination of antiretroviral therapy shifted the course ofthe HIV epidemic (Krummenacher, 2012). These combinations of threeand even more antiretroviral drugs gave both the patients and thescientists a new prospect in fighting the epidemic. The lifeexpectancy of the patients improved from months to decades as seen inone patient, Kristy. However, even with the longer lifespan of thepeople living with the virus, there has been a tremendous increase inthe number of new infections.
Anexplanation of whether or not you think the prevalence of HIV casesmight be attributed to increased complacency due to more advanceddrug treatment options.
Anincrease in HIV prevalence has been due to the advanced drugtreatment options. Currently, a lot of effort has been employed inthe development of newer drugs against HIV. This has been a successespecially to the patients with an increase in their life expectancy.However, Macdonald (2013) suggests that complacency has emerged as amajor challenge, and this has led to an increasing prevalence of thedisease. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention also notedthat complacency is one of the greatest challenges yet to be tackledto ensure that prevalence decreases.
Explainhow healthcare professionals can help to change perceptions andincrease awareness of the realities of the disease.
Thehealthcare providers have an important part to play in combating HIVprevalence. Creation of awareness of the ways the disease istransmitted and ways of preventing the spread can be offered topatients and especially to expectant mothers attending the antenatalclinics. Change of perception on the disease can only be achievedthrough counseling of the patients and awareness creation (Mayer,2012).
Describestrategies to educate HIV-positive patients on medication adherence,as well as safe practices to reduce the risk of infecting others.
Theprofessionals in the HIV medication and adherence in the hospitalrequire proper management of the patients in avoidance of the risk ofinfecting others. The practitioners have the responsibility ofundergoing training in the management of the HIV patients. Throughproper counseling during their clinics, the patients will adhere totheir prescriptions and also learn of the dangers of diseasetransmission thus reducing prevalence.
Inconclusion, the control of HIV patients is the responsibility of thesociety through the provision of proper education and training andcounseling of the infected and the affected. It is critical to recallthat everyone in the society is either infected or affected in thesociety.
Krummenacher,I., Cavassini, M., Bugnon, O., & Schneider, M. (2012). Aninterdisciplinary HIV-adherence program combining motivationalinterviewing and electronic antiretroviral drug monitoring. AIDSCare,550-561.
Macdonald,G., & Smith, C. (2013). Complacency, risk perception and theproblem of HIV education. AIDSCare,63-68.
Mayer,K., & Krakower, D. (2012). Antiretroviral Medication and HIVPrevention: New Steps Forward and New Questions. Annalsof Internal Medicine Ann Intern Med,312-312.