Ethicalissues In Organ Transplants
Organtransplantation is a procedure that has been happening for quite awhile. Some procedures have become routine whereas others are stillexperimental. Examples of routine transplants include kidney, liver,heart and lungs. The experimental ones include bones, brain as wellas sex organs. Though the transplant cases have risen over the years,there still exist setbacks on the same. Ethical issues have risen inseveral countries with the norm of selling an organ seemingunethical. This paper will try to elaborate on some of the issues andhow my perceptions of the same are.
Donationof organs should be done with the aim of helping needy individualsand not for the purpose of making money. It is unethical to view thebody as a commodity. In the current world, cases of people donatingorgans for the purpose of making money have been on the rise. Thishas been accompanied by the rise of black markets. In fact countriessuch as Iran regulate the prices of organ transplant to curb thepractice [ CITATION Jef l 1033 ].
Healthyliving is one important aspect for every living individual. It istherefore vital for one to look after him/her by avoiding habits suchas excessive drinking, smoking among others. When it comes toallocation of organs, priority ought to be afforded to illindividuals. Persons who have abused their bodies can still receivenew organs but in case the organs are limited, ill individuals shouldbe given priority.
Allocationof several organs to either one needy person or several needy personscan be based on three theories i.e. utilitarianism, deontology andsituational. According to the decision making process, organtransplant should be based on the likelihood of patient survival. Forinstance, if a patient has high chances of surviving if indeed he/shegets more than one organs than another patient who needs one but haslimited chances, then the former should be given priority. Healthpractitioners should access carefully the chances of all patientssurviving and base their judgment on the same. Though it seemsunethical, it is the appropriate way of satisfying all partiesinvolved [ CITATION Chi02 l 1033 ].
Whendistributing scarce organs, the procedures ought to remain the same.It involves, assessing the need, determining the chances of survivaland distributing in a first come first serve manner. If a patient hashigh chances of survival and is first in line to receive the neworgan, then priority should be afforded to him/her.
Childress, J. (2002). Public Health Ethics:Mapping the Terrain. Journal of Law,Medicine and Ethics .
Jefferies, D. E. (2010). Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies. The Use of Markets to Cure the Organ Deficit .