Ethical principles to the case study


Ethicalprinciples to the case study

Ethicalprinciples to the case study

Ethicscodes are derived to protect the public and present guidance to theprofessionals in servicing their clients. Through the professionalorganizations and different set of principles, highlighting diversethemes is necessary to achieve the set objectives. The fundamentalprinciples exist to educate the professionals about the sufficientethical conduct and to understand the standards requirement inexpanding awareness, problem solving, and value clarificationcapabilities. The ethical standards promote the accountability,maintain ethical conduct and also motivate them. The ethicalprinciples that are embraced by a person or a group presents rule forright conduct (Shaw, 2001).

WilliamThompson is age 38, a biracial who married a veteran of war in Iraq.He and Luli Kim, his wife had to move with the step brother, Henryand his 54 year old wife became homeless when William failed to havehis mortgage paid after return from Iraq. Though he was to refinancehis home, he didn’t get any help. William is experiencing repeatedflashbacks to death and life experiences that are related totraumatic stress of war.There is no history of domestic abuse between Luli and William. Lulicannot comprehend the war horrors and William wants to protect her.They have become entirely estranged. Luli wants William to open up.William is taken to psychologists in order to open up. This paperaims to describe the code of conduct that are applicable in this casestudy, present a reflection of the principles through themulticultural situations that are in the case study, present a briefassessment of my view on the cultural background and impact andfinally an ethical decision making model and process in describingthe case

Principlesand code of conduct

Inthis case study, it is evident that William is facing a greatproblem. He is trying to protect his wife Luli from the horrorsderived from the war in Iraq, he is then taken to see a psychologistby Henry where he opens up. There are some ethical principles thatcan be applicable in this case study.

RespectingAutonomy aperson has the right to be a free agent. In this case study, Williamshould be given a prerequisite to decide on what to do and what hewill do with his life. Actually, his decisions should not impactother people negatively. In this case study, William thinks that heis protecting his wife Luli where in essence he is making her tosuffer, the drinking habit is not tolerable. Also, from the mere factthat he has accepted to get a psychologist though reluctantly, is aclear indicator that he has been given the fundamental rights toexercise his freedom through choice or thought (Zsolnai, 2011).

Benefitto others: Theactions that we do physically should promote the wellbeing and thehealth of others. William is in a problem. The rationale of the caseshows that by Henry introducing William to the psychologist, meansand the way William start accepting things show us the fundamentalprinciple of benefiting people within our social circles (Zsolnai,2011).

Justice:Onits broadest term, means being fair. It is the case when the rightsof group are balanced against one another. However, being justassumes equality, impartiality and reciprocity that are based on thegolden rule of treating others as you need them to treat you. Justicecan prevail in our case study by looking at the basis of fairness inupholding ethics and standard of conduct (Zsolnai, 2011).

FidelityBeing faithful is inclusive of truthfulness, loyalty, respect andkeeping a promise. The principle is related to treating anonymouspeople. In the case study, we can see that Henry has taken theinitiative of assisting William though he does not know him. Thefailure to remain faithful in dealing with some people denies aperson the full opportunity of exercising the free choice in anygiven relationship thus limiting independence. The ethical principlepresents a more generalized framework that is applicable to solvingdilemmas that are related to Thompson case study. The principles areapplicable in the interpersonal relationship of the professions thatare designed to govern the professional behaviors of differentindividuals (Hecker,2010).

Significanceof selected principles

Theselected principles are significant in that they can be used forintervention of Thompson case and management. There is a differentmodel of practice where therapeutic strategies such as strategicmaneuvers, paradox, triangulation and prescriptions are analyzed. Theprinciples are imperative in advancing positive relationships and notto act as social gatekeepers or agents for the value of the communitybut also enhance the growth of a person (Zsolnai,2011).From the above principles, it is evident that they represent aresponsible and a critical reflection of complying with code ofethics since the experiences and intuition plays a significant rolein developing justifiable and effective approaches that can beapplicable to Thompson case study.

Theselected principles are also significant for getting opportunitiesfor rigorous debate and professional development about the ethicalissue as imperative. The principle is significant in decision-makingmodel in establishing framework. Self-care is an imperativefoundation for ethical practice. The principles are important sincethey enhance respect of autonomy. In fact, his decisions should notaffect other people negatively. We are also able to benefit others inpromoting their wellbeing. Finally, the principles are significant inbeing fair in our inner circles and being faithful to the course ofactions and the people around us in establishing the true and bestethical practice to embrace (Zsolnai, 2011).

Reflectionthrough application of multicultural situations

Themulticultural competencies have presented the baseline for provisionof universal and shared foundation of knowledge, awareness andskills. The multiculturalism in this case study is persuasive andattractive. It presents the way human beings whose loyalties andidentification transcends the nationalism boundaries and whosecommitments underlie the larger vision of the global community.History is rich with societies that are of totalitarian entity. Inthe case study, it is evident that we have a multicultural communitytrying to help one another to achieve (Crigger, Holcomb &amp Weiss,2001.

Forthe good reason, society and culture do exert a massive influence onour lives while structuring the values engineered toward influencingthe lives of others such as in the case of Henry and partneringresponse towards the experience. The Humans cannot exist apart fromthe influence of culture. No one is culture free whether you deriveyour cultures from various cultural backgrounds. Nevertheless, thecondition of contemporary history is to be on a threshold of newperson who is psychologically a product of intertwined cultures(Crigger, Holcomb &amp Weiss, 2001).

Anewer type of person who derives his/her orientation from world viewtranscends his/her culture. The conception of an internationalmulticultural has been used for various levels of descriptive utilityand explanatory. The identity of a person is all inclusive of diverselife patterns. In the study, this can be called as personmulti-culture that embodies the self-verification core process(Crigger, Holcomb &amp Weiss, 2001).


Amulticultural person is emotionally and intellectually committed tothe fundamental unity of human beings while recognizing accepting,legitimizing, recognizing and appreciating cultural diversity betweenpeople of different cultures. The language they speak, the countriesthey have visited, cannot define this person or internationalcontacts made. The person is not defined by place of residence,profession or cognitive sophistication. The multicultural person isdefined by the configuration of the world view and outlook,inclusivity of the universe, interconnectedness of life in actionsand thoughts and remaining open to experience imminence (Crigger,Holcomb &amp Weiss, 2001).

Amulticultural person is the one who has immersed himself to anotherculture and has the cognitive flexibility and openness to creativity.The multicultural person is new and old by being timeless commonperson who is described day in day out. The person is of wisdom andknowledge, direction and integrity, fulfillment and principle andproportion and balance. The commonality about the multiculturalperson abiding in commitment to basics of similarities between peoplemaintains strong commitment to the differences where themulticultural person does not maintain the cultural differences. Inthe embodiment of multi-culture in particular, multicultural personis the great descendants of the philosophers of both East and West(Hecker, 2010).

Themulticultural identity is far social frozen, mobile and fluid andsusceptible to paradigm shift and more open to variation.Multicultural identity is the basis of belongingness that shows thatbeing owned or owning is by culture. The concept of cultural identityis used as a reference to self-awareness and embodies reflects. Witha group emphasis, the society identity is derived from the majoritygroup that can be distinguished from the subgroups minority with whomto share the territory or the physical environment. With a groupemphasis, this concept is similar to the ideals of the social andcultural character that describes the set traits of a communitysharing with one another beyond their differences (Crigger, Holcomb &ampWeiss, 2001).

Thetraits include the constellation of attitudes and values in regard tolife, birth, family and death. It is used collectively and includesthe cultural behaviors typologies such as being inappropriate orappropriate way of solving the ethical dilemmas such as the ones inthe case study and meeting the fundamental needs of life. The conceptof the cultural identity incorporates values, shared happiness,beliefs, definitions and largely unconscious partnering activities.The identity of a person in regard to the culture is that it is theindividual personality functioning aspect which is the fundamentalsymbol of existence of a person (Hecker, 2010).

Identityin a multicultural environment takes various individual forms. Itrefers to the consciousness of a person. When a person regards him orherself as an American, African-American, the person symbolizes thecomplex images recognizable by others. The massive structure ofmulticultural fabric of perception and image is embedded in theposture of an individual psychologically. At the center of images isthe fusion of social, biological and philosophical motivation wherethe fusion synthesis personality and culture. The image is engravedin the case study to define different role of an individual (Hecker,2010)

Mycultural background may have affected my analysis in many ways. FirstI am a black-American and thus prejudiced to other cultures. Thecapacity of my language for instance is accepted universally andbiologically given. My language will depend upon the place andrearing manner. In outlining the phonetics and grammatical systems,my language would affect the way I express ideas and feasible morebasic to thinking. My interaction with diverse culture is the cornerstone of comprehension of the identity of a person. The biologicalmakeup will give me meaning to my assessment. My cultural backgroundis an individualistic one where everyone is to himself and God for usall and this could affect my presentation of ethical principles(Crigger, Holcomb &amp Weiss, 2001).

Theessential physiological needs are part of the cultural identityreality pattern. The needs for affection, recognition, affiliation,acceptance, belonging and status with my fellow human beings aregiven and enlivened with psychosocial integration level incomparative responses. As presented in the case study, amulticultural person bears within themselves a simultaneoussocieties, personalities, nature and cultural images which are incontrast to my structure of identity of a culture. To me, no culturehas the prerequisite to ingrain or imprint the identity of a personindelibly. Nevertheless, the multicultural person must rely onculture to maintain the relativity in place (Hecker, 2010)

Also,the multicultural competencies are not about learning others ratherit is critical learning about other people. My assessment would belimited in that multiculturalism is founded in self understanding andself awareness of an individual with diversity. Also my competency inself assessment is not a one person psychology by rather predicted toothers. The proponent of self awareness is significant in that, whatthe professional does is dependent on our own evaluations andreactions of developing relationships as seen in the case of William.The basic awareness gives the prerequisite to recognize when biasedor not and to solve them the best (Hecker, 2010).

EthicalDecision Making model and process in describing the case


Thisis the most imperative step in making decisions in describing whydecision is called for while getting the most desired outcome formaking decisions. To decide if there is existence of a problem inregard to what an individual wanted or expected and the truesituation, the problem is defined as the diversity between the actualand desired outcomes. A careful attention to term definition givesone the state of problem. The way a person defines a problem isdependent on how one defines those causes and where to get thesolutions.In the case study we can define what the problem is and try to get asolution (Woiceshyn,2011).


Thekey for the case study is not to be limited to the obviousalternatives but being open to better and new alternatives. Ideally,all the alternatives should be considered. More than 5 alternativesshould be considered in this case. For instance, in our case study,the abuse drinking started for William as a technique to cope withthe feelings related to traumatic stress. There are frequentflashbacks to death and life experiences from war.There exist no history of domestic abuse between Luli and William.Thus, we can limit our alternatives to the opposing choice (Shaw,2001).


Inevaluating each of the alternatives, it is necessary to look at thelikely negative and positive cones for each. There will be noalternative that would solve the problem completely and it shouldersand heads better than others.Differentiating between the person’s knowledge for fact and theconviction of what is the case is absolutely good. The differencebetween the fact based approach and non-fact is inclusive to assistthe maker of the decision in developing a confidence score for thealternatives (Woiceshyn,2011).There is a need on the part of the decision maker to determine whateach result would yield and its probability to be realized. In ourcase study, evaluation of the ethical dilemmas enables us tounderstand the basis upon which an action will be taken (Woiceshyn,2011).For instance, William is reluctant to face the psychologists andthrough evaluating the alternatives that are best within hisemotional symmetry, the best viable solution is incorporated to helphim to cope up with the situation that has been bothering him allalong to a point of not telling his wife


Inacting alone, it is the primary step where the decision making inthis case study is working well. This is the proposal which definesthe problem of the case, list alternatives and present a rationalefor the solution proposed. The decisions that are made are based onpresenting a proposal that suites well all the stakeholders(Woiceshyn,2011).


Whileit seem obvious, it is fundamental to make a point of deciding theviable alternative of doing something. The action is tangible andreal step in shifting the situation. It is not sufficient to talkabout. Decision counts during implementation (Woiceshyn,2011).


Theproblem needs to be fixed for every decision. The final test fordecisions is to define whether the problem was fixed or not,changing, going aware, being better, same or worse and whether theproblems are created(Woiceshyn, 2011).


Thecodes of ethics present guidance to individuals an organization. Thebasic principle educates those professionals on the ethical conductand help in understanding the need to expand awareness, solvingproblems and creating value. The ethical principles promoteaccountability and also promote the making of decision for people. Inour case, the ethical principles have been applied. There are fourprinciples that are discussed respectingautonomy, benefit to others, justice, fidelity.William has a problem and thus needs psychological intervention. Atfirst, he is reluctant to face the psychologists, he finally acceptto face him. The multicultural present the baseline for sharedfoundation and provision where the identity of human transcends theboundaries of a country. Societies that are of totalitarian entityare still in existence where the multicultural person lives. Themulticultural person is intellectually and emotionally connected tothe primary unity of people. This person is within the confines ofanother culture and has cognitive flexibility and also, the person isopen to creativity. This paper thus serves as a correct descriptionof ethical principles and a reflection on multicultural environment.


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