HealthAssessment Unit 1
Publichealth is a term used to refer to efforts made through organizedpractices and choices to help prolong life and promote the society’shealth. These efforts are aimed at countering threats to health onthe basis of population health analysis from a variety of relevantsources. Personal health on the other hand refers to informationabout the health status of an individual that does not affect thehealth status of other persons or the society. In addition to that,personal health refers to peoples’ individual hygiene and thestatus of their health-care wellness. As noted by Labonte (2004),public health and personal health differ from each other in thatpublic health is much concerned about the general health status ofthe society whereas personal health has major concern for the healthcondition of an individual.
Publichealth assessment refers to written reports that provide reviews ofavailable information concerning substances at a given place thatcould pose a harmful danger to the health of the general public(Labonte, 2004). The public health assessment programs have a numberof benefits:
Help identify the health problems of a society that could have otherwise been overlooked.
Identifies the type of health issues that exist in a society.
Identifies the factors that cause some sort of given problems in a society.
Helps evaluate the amount of resources available to address the magnitude of the health problems at hand.
Helps identify the health needs of a society from an overall society-based perspective.
Thedisadvantage of the public health assessments is that the processcould be costly and at the same time does not mandatorily representthe needs of every individual but rather aggregates the needs of thegeneral public (Pencheon, 2006).
Oneof the principle potential sources of conflict of interest in publichealth assessment could be the likelihood of professional decisionsbeing made under the influence of external secondary pressures likethe involvement of political interest by those in authority. Thisconflict could result in the execution and undertaking of differentprojects that favor certain skewed interest in the society (Pencheon,2006). This conflict of interest can be professionally handled by therelevant policy makers by firmly defending their stance with clearguidelines and viable opinions that wholesomely represent the trueand honest interests of the society rather than being intimidated tomake skewed decisions that are in favor of the hidden personalinterests in the society especially those with the sole target ofusing such projects to gain political mileage.
Publicassessments help provide a true social position of the health needsand expectations of a society. The policy makers in any economy makedecisions that target on efficiently meeting the aggregate needs of asociety. Relevant professionals undertake a detailed research on theeffects of various circumstances that are felt to be of great concernto the welfare of a given society and region (Pencheon, 2006). Thepublic policy makers value with serious consideration the findingsand recommendations of various health assessment reports and thisactually become the true basis of making public health relatedpolicies as these findings are unbiased and represent the true stateof affairs in the society. Thus, public policies made on the basis ofpublic assessment reports are very effective and reflective of thesociety’s needs and wants.
Oneof the main public and personal health concerns currently in place isthe legislation on smoking. Smoking is of great concern because ofits harmful and cancerous effects on individual smokers and thepeople around the smokers who happen to be passive smokers as theyinhale smoke released by the smokers themselves (Carpenter &Postolek, 2010). Due to the massive spill -over effects of smoking tonon-smokers, state and national legislations have been put in placeto help curb and counter the effects of smoking to persons who arenot smokers. These legislations have set out guidelines on places tosmoke and where not to. The areas set aside for smoking are commonlyreferred to as smoking zones. Hitherto, this helpful and timelylegislations of smoking in public without any clear guidelines hadbecome very chronic and an annoying. The demarcation of specifiedsmoking zones in addition to the hefty fines levied on the publicsmokers that gets coupled with prison sentences have all assisted inensuring efficiency in the elimination of careless public smokingpractices in the society (Carpenter & Postolek, 2010). Thesociety has so far greatly benefited from this legislation as thecommunity members no longer have to brave incidences of careless andmanner less public smoking that had been of extreme essential concernto the society. Such public legislations need to be enacted acrossdifferent states on a variety of several others publicly or privatelyharmful activities and practices that happen to have negative impacton the health conditions of various individuals. Some of these otherpublic legislations could touch on issues like giving clearguidelines on places and areas where people are prohibited fromgetting intimate to help maintain decorum and avoid embarrassingsituations and circumstances.
Carpenter,C., & Postolek, S. (2010). Public-placesmoking laws and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) inpublic places.Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Labonte,R. (2004). Fatalindifference the G8, Africa and global health.Lansdowne, South Africa: University of Cape Town Press .
Pencheon,D. (2006). Oxfordhandbook of public health practice(2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.