Thephilosophical argument of the book of Paul Ricoeur "Interpretationtheory" clearly assist the reader to evaluate the Biblical waysof spiritual interpretation. Paul identifies the Biblical study to bea crisis in today`s world and interpretation approaches defer to manypeople and believers of Christ. This book enables us to acknowledgethe many scholars and their historical methods and trends from thehalf century. These approaches have emerged with a critique of modernobjectives of the present scholars. Further radical approaches on theinterpretative ways have shifted focus on the world of today.
Accordingto the philosophical evolution, Catholics are the only believers whodistant itself from the radical approaches of theology. In 1960-1970,the Protestants involved the multiple texts of scriptures during theCatholic Church only speak of liturgical preaching in the context offamiliar suggested scriptures. Therefore, this book criticallyanalyses the real problem of Christian biblical scholars concerningthe method of theological interpretation. It is a choice of thebeliever to take which method of acknowledging God even though weworship the same God. This book mainly focuses on the engagement andevaluation we penetrate and feel the presence of biblicalinterpretation.
Thebook further brings in the theories of several new scholars who havesought new proposals on holding hope and new theological, spiritualunderstanding. These new scholars include Watson, Brevard, Francisand Stephen alongside their theological approaches in the biblicalstudy. The book helps the reader analyses the philosophicalchallenges of the modern scholars. According to Interpretation Theoryby Paul Ricoeur, Christians need to develop deeper faith for us toovercome the challenges that the modern theology has the place to theevolution on biblical studies. Therefore, ordinary Christian willconceptualize on the framework between philosophies and theologicalfaith. This book reveals the creative thinking on theorist andfaithful people who articulate the relationship between philosophersand the biblical studies. He also brings in the openness and theability of the Christians to acknowledge different arguments intheology. According to James, Henry Theology is, therefore, anacademic discipline and practical thing in the church. It is thechurch duty to administer the interpretation of the Bible and word ofGod.
The book of Paul brings in four dimensions that are important to thescripture interpretation. These are the text from the biblicalcontext, the text as a structural work, and the context as aprojection to the world of today, and the self-understanding of everycontext according to the reader view of understanding. Therefore,every theologian is expected to bring in this dimensions ininterpreting any biblical scriptures to bring in theself-understanding and after that the philosophical understanding.According to the reader the dimensional context invites the activeissue, we can make a struggle to reconcile religious conviction withour experiences. By reading the scriptures and elucidate the messagein these dimensions, we will get the meaning by self-interpretationof the scripture.
AsI conclude this review, Christians need to find the voice of Godthrough this philosophical interpretation to get the deeper study ofthe Bible. Therefore, the Preaching model of the scripture willdepend on the believer way of understanding and which dimension toopt. Gustavo Gutiérrez, a theologian, gave an interestinginterpretation on the book of Job as a way to acknowledge sufferingin the society. From the book of Job Christians should acknowledgethe presence of God even though we have different faiths andinterpretation of the Bible. Christians should also acknowledge onwhich methods to take in bringing in the concept of interpretation ofthe scripture. The oral speaking is important since it createsmediation on the argument of the interpretation on the theologicalunderstanding unlike the written. On the other hand, writtenphilosophy is important as a form of reference, and this will bring aclear understand to the reader always since we have the reference toread.
Ur,Paul. InterpretationTheory: Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning.Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1976.