Thereare several types of cheating. Although the morality of cheating is acontentious issue, cheating at personal and business level isunethical. Cheating refers to getting a reward or a gain throughdishonest means. In management, cheating refers to breaking the setrules, including implied rules, to gain an unfair advantage over theemployees, employer, customers, suppliers, competitors and regulatorsand other players in the business environment. Therefore, cheatingcomprises of many aspects in the business environment, and thereforecontention on the generalization of morality of cheating. It rangesfrom criminal offences and inhuman acts such as bribery,discrimination, nepotism, infringement of copyright, forgery tomisleading advertisements. Therefore, cheating may be as serious as acriminal offence and as placid as going against individualprinciples. It may involve going against set rules which may bewritten, for example, the penal code or professional ethics, oragainst unwritten and implied rules that define conducts within asociality or organization and are based in customs and other ethicalstandards (Gini & Marcoux, 2012). At the social level, cheatingcan also refer to marital infidelity. Another common type of cheatingis observed in academics. Academic cheating, commonly known asplagiarism is very common in colleges and universities in the UnitedStates and other part of the world. It refers to students presentingother people’s academic work as their own work for evaluation.Other forms of academic cheating involves use of unauthorizedmaterials during examination which gives the student undue advantage.Cheating is also common in games and sports where some participantuse illegal means such as performance enhancing drugs and unapprovedequipment to gain advantage. Cheating in business is very common, andhas negative impacts on the entities involved. For example, consumersdo not get maximum value for their money due to cheating. Cheating inbusiness is more common in marketing where producers provideinaccurate information about their products. Business organization isinvolved in numerous forms of cheating in an attempt to maximizeprofits. In some cases, cheating in the business environment involvedlegal proceedings.
Honestyis critical in the society as well as in business. There issignificant value and positive implications that businessorganizations can derive from being honest. Analyzing who enjoy thebenefits of honesty in a business environment indicates itsimportance since every body is affected by honest. On the other hand,the negative impacts of a single incidence of dishonesty highlightits significance. Honesty is therefore a critical ethical issue notonly in business and management, but also in the general society.There are many ways through which the management of an organizationas well as individuals can exhibit honesty. The ultimate motive of abusiness organization is to make provide by providing goods andservices to their customers. The management of a businessorganization will be honest if they timely pay their employees andthe organization bills. Honesty is also exhibited through timelyfiling of tax returns, correct reporting to the investors andshareholders and ensuring that the organization value commercial andbusiness commitment with their customers, suppliers and businesspartners. Dishonesty is as a result of failure of a businessorganization to honor its corporate responsibility resulting intomistrusts and legal actions. There are many benefits the managementcan derive from being honest. Honesty creates a respect and goodrelationship between the management and the employees or between thebusiness organization and its business partners, regulators,competitors, customers and other entities (Gini & Marcoux, 2012).The positive relationship as a result of honesty is critical for thesuccess of the business organization. An honest management sets agolden rule which requires other parties and entities to be honestwith the management. For example, if the management is honest withthe employees or suppliers, they will also be honest with themanagement.
Theimpacts of respect and lack of respect in organization as well as insocial life can not be disputed. In employee management, there is nodoubt that respects result into increased productivity and moresatisfied employees. This has positive impacts on the performance ofthe organization. Organization in which there is no adequate respecttends to lose more employees. This is because employees are lesssatisfied and tend to avoid bosses or management that does notrespect them. Respect is mutual. However, many managers and leadersin organizations assume that junior employees are expected to showrespect to them and not otherwise. However, individuals are lesslikely to respect people who do not respect them. Rather thanrespecting disrespectful seniors, employees tend to fear them. Thelack of respect and resultant fear results into poor performanceamong employees. There are several ways through which managers andleaders in organizations can propagate mutual respect in workinggroups and organizational culture. Some of them include having clearroles and expectations from every employee, being aware of hypocrisyand obeying the rules they expect their subordinates to obey,refraining from favoring some members of the team, being an equalmember of the team, and adequate communication with all the staff.Both small and large organizations have unique challenges dealingwith respect and disrespect. Large organizations have more diverseworkforce which increases incidences of disrespect. On the otherhand, in small organization, disrespect is as a result of lessdeveloped organizational culture and the fact that the working teamsare in the initial stages of group development.
Allethical issues in business management involve communication.Communication refers to any process that aids the exchange ortransfer of information from one person to another. A business can beethical but inaccurate reporting by the organization or a third partymay portray an organization as unethical. Thus, communication has hadindirect impact on all ethical issues affecting organizations andmanagement. However, there are communication issues that have directethical implications. For example, ethical leadership requiresleaders to communicate effectively, accurately and clearly to theirsubordinate. In ethical communication, both parties involved in thecommunication understand the information in the same way. In themodern business environment where communication is mainly aided bycommunication and information technology, there are numerous ethicalissues involved in business communication. For example, the use ofsocial media as a means of business communication has attracted a lotof attention. This is due to the level of interaction aided by theinternet. The information individuals are able to share in the onlinesocial media has increased concerns associated with unethical sharingof information (Gini & Marcoux, 2012). Through the use oftechnology, it is relatively easy for individuals to leakconfidential information and business secret without being detected.Other ethical issues in communication that are very common in themodern society include the use of official communication facilitiesfor personal gain. For example, although it is unethical, employeesare fond of using company email addresses for personalcommunications. Other common ethical issues involve passing incorrector inaccurate information or withholding critical information. Themanagement, through respective managers and leaders, has theresponsibility of promoting communication ethics. For example, theorganization can have an explicit policy on the use of communicationfacilities in the organization.
Inthe modern business environment, there is an increased diversity,which has resulted into increased equality issues. Today,organizations have diverse workers, customers and business associatesand partners. This is an indication of the diverse society in whichbusiness organizations operate. Equality in business has similarmeaning equality in politics and other aspects of the society.Basically, equality refers to the aspect of treating individuals thesame, without considering their differences. Individual differencesinclude race, ethnicity and country of origin, religion, gender,physical disability, sexual orientation and age among others.According to the law, all individual irrespective of theirdifferences have the right to be held in the same esteem as otherindividuals. However, there are several incidences where businessorganizations have treated individuals discriminatively, which isunethical. One of the most common forms of inequality in organizationinvolves employee promotion, remuneration and promotion. For example,in some organization men are paid more that women while having thesame responsibilities, in addition to being considered for promotion.Racially, white are paid more that nonwhite, while having betterchances of promotion. Equality also involves creating a workenvironment that supports diverse groups of workers. For many years,the global society has struggled with issues associated with racialequality. Despite this, informal racism is very evident in modernorganizations. Another hot ethical issue in the modern society andworkplaces has been how homosexuals are treated in the society. Thenumbers of homosexuals in the modern workplaces have increasedsignificantly (Gini & Marcoux, 2012). Considering how the generalsociety has treated homosexuals, ethical issues related tohomosexuality can not be avoided. However, all business organizationshave the responsibility of strictly following established equalitylaws in addition to establishing an explicit equality policy.
Beingresponsible is one of the most important aspects of ethics that hasbeen ignored. Being ethical at the organizational or society levelinvolves being able to meet you responsibilities. At the organizationlevel, both the employees and the employer should know theirresponsibility and meet them adequately. Some of the responsibilityin the society and business organization is easy to follow or enforcewhile others are difficult. An ethical employee should be able toknow his or her job related responsibilities. This involves meetingthe job expectation and fulfilling his duties as an employee. Topromote ethics, the management should formally communicate theresponsibilities of each and every employee. The ability of employeesto fulfill their responsibility forms the basis of employee appraisaland evaluation. Employees are likely to strive to fulfill theirresponsibility if their performance is dependent on it. However, theemployer or the management should also be willing to fulfill itresponsibilities. Unethical management negates their responsibilitiestowards their employee, regulators, customers, suppliers,shareholders and business partners. In addition to the explicitresponsibilities, both the management and the employees should beself responsible. This means that they should be responsible fortheir actions, even in cases where the action is beyond the normalduties. For example, the management has a social responsibility ofprotecting the environment and taking care of the welfare ofcommunities directly affected by the business activities.
WHATTO DO ABOUT UNETHICAL BOSS
Bothemployees and employers are faced with ethical dilemma. Employees arehowever faced with more challenges if their bosses are unethical.Majority of workers do not see any problem when their bosses areunethical. As a result, they are influence by their seniors toabandon personal ethics and moral principles. Even in cases employeesaccept that there is a problem with unethical acts of their bosses,they find it difficult dealing with them. It is important to notethat in some cases, the boss has the authority to make certaindecisions, although they may be unethical according to your judgment.In this regard, it is important to note that personal values andprinciples do not apply in making some of these decisions. Forexample, although according to your personal values and principlefiring an employee because of poor performance is unethical. However,the boss can make this decision in the interest of the organizationbecause he is required to do so (MacDonald, 2015). This may notattract ethical consideration to the boss, although other people mayview it as unethical. Therefore, in dealing with a boss one considersto be unethical it is important to consider the factors that motivatehis or decision. This will ensure that you do not act unethically.For example, a dramatic action shows lack of respect and isconsidered to be unethical. There are many avenues of dealing withunethical acts from the boss, but being polite and respectful iscritical.
Gini,A. & Marcoux, A. (2012). Theethics of business: a concise introduction,Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
MacDonald,C. (2015). Whatdo you do when orders from the boss go against your personal values?http://thechronicleherald.ca/howwelivematters/1314609-what-do-you-do-when-orders-from-the-boss-go-against-your-personal-values