Koreaas a Collective Country
Koreahas a unique ideology of collectivism that guides the perspective ofpeople towards the state and the society. A good example of Korea asa collective country is the business culture of Inhwa. The Inhwagives a good example of the modern day application of the Koreanculture and the conventional collectivism ideology (Lee3).Collectivism is a political ideology that highlights the importanceof groups other than individuals. A collective economy focuses itsproductivity on the society, the communities and the nation. Thisforms an economic ideology where the groups in the country are moresignificant in controlling the economy (Shimet al, 25). As a result, the economic system is marked by collective systems ofownership of land and other factors of production.
Inhwais a Korean cultural ideology and belief of harmony. The Inhwapractice is driven by the idea that the interests of the societysupersede those of the individuals. In this manner, people pursue thebetter good of the society, rather than their individual selfinterests. The Inhwa promotes the country by enhancing the businessethics as a collective country (Lee3).This is because Koreans view groups as the basis of harmony and asthe better way to achieve the greater societal good. To avoid goingagainst the Inhwa, Koreans will always respond with positiveresponses in business practices (Lee3).This shows the practice of the Korean culture in the modern daybusiness and economic life, that shapes the country.
Inhwais just an example of the collective nature of the Korean societythat has transited the country from the post war times to the currentsociety. Since the Second World War, the Korean society had beendivided between the south and the north (Robinson,51).While North Korea adopted more communist ideologies, the SouthKoreans had the capitalist influence of the Americans who haddominated the region. During the cold war, South Korea and NorthKorea engaged in a foreign-powered Korean war, which created thesplit (Robinson52).However, the Korean countries were able to transit past the splittingeffects of the war due to the aspects of culture like the Inhwa. Thisis the reason why Inhwa forms the best example of the collectivistideology in application for the country since the post war times.
Inhwagives an example of the application of collections in the Koreansociety as a way of promoting social good. This is the opposite ofindividualism that is practiced as a political and economic ideologyin the capitalist countries like the United States (Shimet al, 27).A specific difference of the application of collectivism and Inhwa isthe use of words like “our” instead of capitalistic words like“my.” For the Korean societies, the pursuit of the country’sgood is more important than the pursuit of the individual interest(Shimet al, 37).Therefore, the country portrays the distinct practices of acollective society through the concern for the groups and the commongood.
Koreais a country whose citizens value groups and the progress of thesociety more than the individual interests. This is because of thecollectivism ideology that is exemplified in the collectivistpractice of the Inhwa. The Inhwa is an element of Korean culture toview and apply harmony in the day to day life. This shows theintegration of the Korean culture into the business and economic lifeas a modern way of applying collectivism. By practicing ideas thatpromote harmony and societal good, Korea portrays itself as acollective country.
Lee,Choong. Korean Culture And Its Influence on Business Practice inSouth Korea TheJournal of International Management Studies,2012 Vol. 7 (2)
Robinson,E.M. (2007). Korea’stwentieth century odyssey.Honolulu. University of Hawaii Press
Shim,T. Y., Kim, M. S., & Martin, J. N. (2008). ChangingKorea. UnderstandingCulture and Communication,NewYork, New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc