Legal Aspects and Legislation in Healthcare

LegalAspects and Legislation in Healthcare

LegalAspects and Legislation in Healthcare

ThePatient and Affordable Care Act of 2009 is the federal statute of theUnited States. The act was signed in 2010 by President Obama. The actrepresents a significant regulation overhaul of the healthcare systemin the United States, according to Teitelbaum &amp Wilensky (2007),since the passage of Medicaid and Medicare in 1965. The act consistsof a major combination of control healthcare costs measures andexpanding coverage through the private and public insurance. Theindividual mandate added with subsidies meant for private insurancefor universal healthcare considered an easy way to win over thesupport of the United States senate since it was among the bipartisanproposed reforms (Teitelbaum &amp Wilensky, 2007). The concept forthis act dates back to 1989 when it was proposed by the conservativeHeritage Foundation as an alternative to having a single-payer healthcare.

ThePatient Protection and Affordable Care Act is the United StatesSenate’s health care bill. It started off with a text directed atan unrelated matter however, the senate co-opted the bill to be avehicle for passing their reforms, while changing the whole of it tobe a health care bill (U.S Government, 2009). The act was meant toachieve a universal coverage, while doing it through a sharedresponsibility with the government. Secondly, the act was meant toimprove fairness, affordability, and quality of the U.S’s healthinsurance coverage.

Theact is also meant to improve the value of health-care, efficiency,and quality while cutting down on wasteful spending and making thesystem accountable. (Thompson, 2015). Additionally, the actstrengthens primary access to health-care at the same time bringingabout changes in the long term with the availability of preventiveand primary access to preventive care. Finally, the act is aimed atmaking strategic investments in the United States’ public healththrough the expansion of both community investments and clinicalprevention care.

ThePatient Protection and Affordable Care Act have a number of pros,benefits, protections, and rights. Some of the pros include thefreedom for shoppers to compare the health care plans, which count asa minimum essential coverage including the benefits, protections, andrights. The cost assistance is made available by the act to theUnited States individuals, small businesses, and families throughMarketplace Health Insurance (Teitelbaum &amp Wilensky, 2007). Theact also makes the Medicaid eligible to the expanded 26 states ofover 138% federal poverty level, which gives millions of theAmericans easy access to good health. The act prevents limits toannual or lifetime healthcare. Again, the act allows coverage to allthe major medical insurance without reason. Additionally, the actchampions for easy access and affordability of the health carewithout looking at the gender.

Onthe other hand, the act has its cons. First, the legislation willtake a lot of years before it is fully implement, which in turn willhave had a negative impact on the health system of the United States.As much as certain conceptual issues of the law, which include theaffordable prevention or funding, present an important opportunity,the act has aspects which are relatively new turf to the publichealth, especially from a practical and conceptual perspective (Reid,2009). Secondly, considering most of the Americans work for largeorganizations, most of the employees may include the new costs ininsuring their workforce. In turn, the employees will startexperiencing a decrease the health care quality that tries to avoidthe payment of exercise duty and plans for high-end insurance.

Thestakeholders would also be affected by the act, especially in termsof the initiatives of the act. The stakeholders are brought into themix by the government, whereby the working assumption may beinterfered by the government. This is because the act negativelyinterferes with the stakeholder’s plans and duties, which accordingto Haugen (2008), will remain there until the politics of the countrysettles. Negatively, the act interferes with the health care systemwith consumer advocates having minimal coverage from thestakeholders. My opinion on the bill is that the country has a wholestill has a long way to go. My position remains that the act shouldbe pushed forward since the advantages overshadow the disadvantages.


Haugen,D. M. (2008). Healthcare.Detroit: Greenhaven Press/Gale.

Reid,T. R. (2009). Thehealing of America: A global quest for better, cheaper, and fairerhealth care.New York: Penguin Press.

Teitelbaum,J. B., &amp Wilensky, S. E. (2007). Essentialsof health policy and law.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Thompson,T. (2015). TheAffordable Care Act.Farming Hills, Mich: Greenhaven Press

U.SGovernment (2009). The Patient and Affordable Care Act. The Libraryof Congress, Thomas Jefferson. Retrieved from