Making Choices Part II

MakingChoices Part II

MakingChoices Part II

Themain purpose of selecting a living environment for the senior membersof the society is to maximize their wellbeing and help them accessthe services that they need to lead a satisfying life. Although someolder adults may still be in a condition that allows them to select aliving environment for themselves, some of them may require theintervention of the family members and caregivers among other parties(Pratt, 2009). This paper will address different variables thatshould be considered when selecting a living environment for seniors.

Effectof support system on options as well as the quality of care

Humanbeings continue to perceive the value of social support as they age.This is because one’s ability to perform activities of daily livingcontinues to decline, which creates the need to have some people thatone can rely on for help. In addition, older adults requirecompanions (including the family members and friends), who can givethem social support through regular interactions (Boen, Dalgard &ampBjertness, 2012). Therefore, the decision on the most appropriateliving environment should be guided by the level of social supportthat each alternative offer. Every older adult is likely to prefer aliving environment that offers a higher level of social support toone that has a limited level of social support. The level of socialsupport is positively associated with the quality of life. Accordingto Yang, Hawkley &amp Christakis (2009) adequate social supportenhances happiness, satisfaction in life, life expectancy, and theoverall quality of life. Moreover, people who form a social networkwith older adults help them with activities that they cannot performon their own, which enhances the quality of care.

Howcommunity-based programs as well as services affect independence ofseniors

Communitybased living facilities affect the independence of older adults byseparating them from the living conditions that they have enjoyed forthe entire of their lives. Older adults who live in thecommunity-based facilities are governed by certain regulations, someof which may never have affected their lives while living in theirown homes. For example, it is recommended that older adults who canno longer take care of themselves should be placed in acommunity-based living facility, such as an assisted livingenvironment (Department of Aging and Disability Services, 2015). Aplacement in the community-based facility limits the freedom as wellas the independence of the affected older adults. However, the impactof the community-based program on the independence of the oldervaries from one environment to another.

Whycouples and individuals need to consider the variables when selectinga living environment

Theaforementioned variables (including the social support and theindependence of older adults) are critical factors that determine theoverall wellbeing of the seniors. The primary objective of a coupleor an individual to look for a living environment for seniors is tohelp them lead a better life at their older age and not to disposethem off. Therefore, they select an environment that promises maximumsocial support, since social networks have been proven to enhance thehappiness as well as the wellbeing of the seniors (Boen, Dalgard &ampBjertness, 2012). In addition, selecting an environment that offersthe seniors the highest level of independence gives older adults anopportunity to lead a free life while still accessing qualityservices that make them feel satisfied. Therefore, the two variables(independence and social support) should be considered by couples andindividuals who are considering selecting a living environment fortheir seniors.

Whyfamilies and caregivers should consider the variables when selectinga living environment

Similarto individuals and couples, caregivers and families search for aliving environment that will give the seniors the most happiness andsatisfaction in life. In the case of family members, they are likelyto select a living environment that is that will allow them tointeract regularly with their seniors, which means that socializationis a priority to them. Similarly, the objective of caregivers is togive seniors an environment that will help them access quality careand lead a healthy life, which means that social support andindependence are a critical variable since they enhances thewellbeing of the seniors (Boen, Dalgard &amp Bjertness, 2012).Therefore, families and caregivers select a living environment withmore or less different objectives, but their aims make social supportand independence some of the key variables that they need toconsider.

Othervariables that may affect choices

Apartfrom the social support and the level of independence, seniors,families, caregivers, couples, and individuals, should consider othervariables when selecting a living environment. For example, thefinancial ability of the family of the senior dictates the type ofliving environment and quality of services they can access (Pratt,2009). In addition, people should consider the type as well as thequality of services offered by different living facilities and matchthem with the desires of older adults in order to maximize thewellbeing. Moreover, cultural practices, religious beliefs, andtraditions upheld by the seniors should be considered when selectingan environment for them.


Theprocess of selecting a living environment for senior members of thesociety requires a consideration of different variables. Some ofthese variables include the level of independence and social supportthat each of the available alternative living environment offers toits clients. However, individuals and groups that are given theresponsibility to look for a living environment for the seniorsshould consider a wide range of variables, including the financialability of the senior as well as the family, religious beliefs,cultural practices, traditions, and the type of services offered bydifferent living environments.


Boen,H., Dalgard, O. &amp Bjertness, E. (2012). The importance of socialsupport in the associations between psychological distress andsomatic health problems and socio-economic factors among older adultsat home: A cross sectional study. BMCGeriatrics,12 (27), 1471-2318.

Departmentof Aging and Disability Services (2015). Community-basedalternatives. DADS.Retrieved October 17, 2015, from

Pratt,R. (2009). Long-termcare: Managing across the continuum (3rdEd.).Burlington: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Yang,Y., Hawkley, L., &amp Christakis, N. (2009). Today’sresearch on aging.Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.