Memory

MEMORY 4

Humanmemoryhas an important role in the social facilitation, particularly inconsideration of certain social situations While a number ofpsychologists argue that the entire brain is concerned with memory,the ‘hippocampus’ and surrounding parts of the brain are largelycrucial in the declarative memory. Declarative memory encompassesboth the semantic and episodic memories (Rovee-Collier, Hayne, &ampColombo, 2001). Semantic memories largely concerns facts andprinciples while episodic memories regard information that isparticular for a given context such as place and time. Iam very good with understanding how people work and can usually telltheir next move or what they are feeling emotional, all based off ofexperience or general knowledge. Semanticmemories enable an individual to encode information about his or hersurroundings. Using semantic memories, for example, I know that thecurrent president of the United States is Barack Obama. I also knowthat London is the capital city of England.

Episodicmemories are used for personal information including emotions andfeelings. It enables one remember key events or actions that remainmemorable in one’s life.I remember I grew up with great love for playing baseball but I wasterrible until 4th grade. Ialways remember the first day in elementary school where I was amusedby the high number of kids grouped together. I also remember my firsttime I topped my class in academics. The capacity to retain andremember episodic memories is largely dependent on the hippocampuswhile the creation of new declarative memories depends on both thehippocampus and parahippocampus (Rovee-Collier, Hayne, &amp Colombo,2001). The recall of the episodic memories is explained as the actionof psychological relieve of the detail of a past occurrence. ThePrefrontal cortex is crucial for recalling the appropriateinformation about an experience as opposed to the memory formation.It is largely involved with episodic memory than semantic memory.Emotional intelligence utilizes similar platform to generateinformation. Individuals may experience different levels of intensityfor certain emotions depending on factors such as memories andpersonal values (Nevid, 2009).

Theprocedural memory, also known as the implicit memory, is achievedthrough implicit learning. It is also regarded as the non-declarativememory. It can be described on how an individual recalls something.This form of memory encompasses understanding the procedures involvedto accomplish a given task. This forms the learning process.Procedural memory is best remembered when an individual attainscompetence about a certain due to numerous repetition. I learnt motorskills after repeating it when my dad was not at work every weekend.Ideally, there are no memories but an individual learn by recallingthe aspects from previous experiences.

Underthe procedural memory, an individual recalls things that are thentranslated into actions. Learningto skateboardis a form of procedural memory where I have acquired the skills aftertrying several times. Another example is the ability of an individualto ride a bicycle. Procedural memory enables individuals to carrynormal tasks without necessarily thinking about them. Prior knowledgeand understanding are seen to assist the assimilation andorganization of the received data into existing semantic structuresof the memory. Psychologists have great interest in the cognitiveprocesses that is involved with language acquisition and the mentalprocessing of information. Procedural memory allows one to recall thesteps involved in undertaking an assignment. Often, it is throughprocedural memory that an individual gains technical skills(Rovee-Collier, Hayne, &amp Colombo, 2001).

References

Nevid,J. S. (2009). Psychology:Concepts and applications.Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Rovee-Collier,C., Hayne, H., &amp Colombo, M. (2001). Thedevelopment of implicit and explicit memory.Amsterdam [u.a.: Benjamins.