Midterm Vampires



Significanceof dreams in Camilla

Thesignificance of dreams in human life is quite controversial sincesome people hold that dreams have no meaning while others believethat they have some critical message. Even the groups that supportthe argument that dreams are significant interpret them differently.1This paper will present provide a discussion of the significance ofdreams as presented in the book “Carmilla”. Dreams aresignificant because they reveal fears that one have failed toacknowledge, help people see their achievements in the unconsciousworld, and caution people about the possible recurrence of the pastexperiences.

Fearsthat one has refused to acknowledge and overcome

Thedreams that people have are interpreted in different ways anddifferent levels of significance in life. The first significance ofdreams as expressed in Camilla is to remind people of certain typesof fear that they have refused to acknowledge and overcome. Inchapter one of “Camilla”, the author saw a woman in her dream,who terrified her to an extent that she felt as if a pair of needlespierced into her breast. 2This dream can be attributed to the initial description that theauthor gives about her home. The home is located in a very isolatedplace, close to a thick forest, and the nearest inhabited place isfound about seven miles away. Most importantly, the author statesthat there are tombs about three miles away, where a family ofKarnstein was buried. The dream of a woman who scared the authorreveals the inner fear

1.Keats, J. “Lamia”. GutenbergEbook.4 February 2013, p. 1.

2.LeFanu, J. Carmilla.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 1872, p. 3.

aboutthe image of the tomb and isolation that the author had failed toovercome. This implies that dreams are critical tools that reveal theinner feelings that people conceal and pretend that everything isnormal while they continue suffering psychologically.

Horrorfor something or someone that admires

Dreamsremind people about things or people that they miss so much or thosethat they hold dear, but they are far from them. In addition, dreamsconnect people who love each other, but they have not met for awhile. In chapter three of Camilla, the author and the strange womanwho visited her family had similar dreams where they saw each otherin the dream. 3The two ladies had dreams that reminded them about the childhood.Although they are able to recognize the faces they saw in the dreamand the real faces, they circumstances that they met and thecharacters they saw while dreaming were horrifying. For example, theauthor of the story talks about a black ugly woman, who had a turbanon her head and her teeth were set in a way that made her appear asif she was in a fury. Dreams subject people into horrible momentsbecause they are hard to forget. Therefore, dreams help peopleachieve their desires in the unconscious world, although theseachievements may as well be achieved in the real life or remainunaccomplished.

Warningabout the recurrence of a past event

Someof the experiences that people go through in life can result inhorrifying dreams. People may have same or different dreams that arebased on a common theme that can be closely associated with a pastexperience that affected their lives psychologically. In chapter

3.LeFanu, J. Carmilla.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 1872, p. 2.

thirteenof “Camilla”, the author explains how her child used to dream ofa creature that resembled Millarca, a woman who used to get out ofher house without unlocking the door. 4The incident was horrifying because it was known that Millarca wassick and stayed in her room with the door locked, but she could beseen walking outside the house at night. In the same chapter, the oldgeneral explains how the bad and lustful family members of Karnsteinwere destroyed and the spirits of the family members turned intovampires that destroyed the village. The narrative of how the familywas killed and how the vampires haunted villagers result in theauthor’s dream. Similarly, the author explains in chapter three ofhow the guest warns her about her fear of robbers following anincident that involved robber who killed the servants in her home.The guest says this just before sleeping, which means that the pastexperiences increases chances of dreaming. Therefore, dreams remindof people about the past experiences and caution them tom avoid therecurrence of such experiences.


Thesignificance of dreams can be derived from the fact that they helppeople realize the types of fears that they are hiding. Dreams alsohelp people perceive their possible achievements in the unconsciousworld. Dreams also warn people, so that they can take the necessarymeasures to prevent the recurrence of their negative pastexperiences.

LeFanu,J. Carmilla.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 1872, p. 11.


Keats, J. “Lamia”. GutenbergEbook. 4 February2013.

LeFanu,J. Carmilla.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 1872.

HowBraddon uses the figure of a vampire to critique Victorian medicine

Artistsuse different symbols to communicate their message and add emphasiswith the objective of convincing their clients. 1The use of vampires is quite common since many people are aware oftheir characteristics, which helps the audience understand theintended message and make an easy comparison. Vampires are mainlyassociated with blood sucking and death. 2This paper will address the use of a vampire figure by M.E. Braddonin “Good Lay Ducayne” to criticize the Victorian medicine. TheVictorian medicine resembles a vampire in that its practitioners suckthe blood of victims, act in inhumane ways, and cunningly to conductdangerous experiments on the victims.

Vampiresas blood suckers

Thefirst picture that comes into the minds of many people when a vampireis mentioned is a creature with extraordinary teeth that enable it tosuck blood from victims. To this end, any character, object, orfunction that suck blood from a given victim in artwork or literatureis represented by the figure of a vampire. 3Similarly, Braddon used vampire to criticize Victorian medicinebecause two girls have already been sucked to death. The two younggirls were companions of Lady Ducayne, but they had been trickedwithout being aware that Ducayne took them to her physician, Dr.Parravicini, who drained their blood while conducting experimentsthat could prolong the life of his client. 14Therefore, the image

1.Bryon. Fragmentof a Novel (1816) and Polidoti, The vampire” (1819). Lecture 4,vampire in Romantic literature.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 2015. P. 1.

2.Gautier, T. “Clarimonde”. GutenbergEbook.18 September 2007. P. 3

3.Voltaire. “Vampires”. PhilosophicalDictionary,(n.d). Voltaire, p. 2.

4.Braddon, M. “Good Lady Ducayne”. TheStrand Magazine,February 1896, p. 11

ofa vampire is used to represent a type of medicine that involvessucking the blood of innocent young girls.

Vampiresare animalistic or inhumane creatures

Vampiresare creatures that pursue their goal by through the suffering oftheir victims, and no amount of pain on their target victims can makethem stop what they are doing. In the case of Victorian medicine, Dr.Parravicini and Lady observe the companion suffer, become weak andthey are well informed that she will eventually die, just like therest of her companions. However, Bella’s suffering seems to benothing to her, and she is willing to let her physician proceed withexperiments as long as her life is prolonged. 5While replying to a reproach by Mr. Stafford about the death of theother two companions Ducayne states, “not about a parcel of anemicgirls”. 6This confirms how Ducayne and her physicians are inhumane, just likevampires. The physician wants to play a hero and earn money throughthe suffering of innocent companions while Ducayne wants to continueenjoying life by terminating the lives of young girls.

Vampiresas cunning, but dangerous creatures

Vampiresapproach their victims in different ways. They may get hold of themby force or they may entice them using what they like most or whatthey not most at a given time and abuse them to death. 7In the case of the Victorian medicine, Bella was enticed by

5.Braddon, M. “Good Lady Ducayne”. TheStrand Magazine,February 1896. P. 20.


7.Ayres, A. “Gottfried August Burger”, Lenora(n.d).p. 6.

hervampire, Lady Ducayne using a high salary, which she needed in orderto take care of her poor mother. 8This makes her see Ducayne as a good and caring woman to an extentthat she cannot believe that her some of her new friends (includingHerbert) that the bleeding was not caused by a mosquito sting, but itwas a scheme organized by Ducayne and her physician. 9Consequently, the Victorian medicine took the character of a vampiresince its practitioners dares to entice innocent people and conductdangerous experiments on them.


Vampiresare terrifying creatures that can use different methods to get holdof their victims. Braddon used the used the figure of a vampire whencriticizing Victorian medicine because its practitioners had adoptedsome characteristics that are similar to those of vampires. Forexample, Dr. Parravicini is demonstrated as a character who sucksblood from the victim (innocent companions), inhuman, and killsvictims while striving to achieve personal goals. All thesecharacteristics are also demonstrated by vampires, which allowBraddon to compare the Victorian medicine with the figure of avampire.

8.Braddon, M. “Good Lady Ducayne”. TheStrand Magazine,February 1896, P. 7.



Ayres, A. “Gottfried AugustBurger”, Lenora(n.d).

Braddon, M. “Good LadyDucayne”. The StrandMagazine, February1896.

Bryon. Fragmentof a Novel (1816) and Polidoti, The vampire” (1819). Lecture 4,vampire in Romantic literature.Halifax, NS: Dalhouse University, 2015.

Gautier, T. “Clarimonde”.Gutenberg Ebook.18 September 2007.

Voltaire. “Vampires”.PhilosophicalDictionary, (n.d).Voltaire.