Alcoholabuse is unhealthy consumption of alcohol. It involves consumingalcohol on a daily basis or consuming too much at the same time.Continuous alcohol abuse leads to alcohol dependence, also known asalcoholism.According to Brower,Aldrich, Robinson, Zucker, and Greden(2014), alcoholism is a serious medical disease. An alcoholic personis mentally and physically addicted to alcohol and has a strongcraving for alcohol. Some of the signs and symptoms of alcoholisminclude:
Loss of control
Desire to stop but cannot
Continuous alcohol consumption despite negative effects
Thispaper creates a better understanding of alcohol addiction. It willlook at the case study of Mr. Jackson, who is an alcoholic. It willalso focus on the assessment used to refer him as an alcoholic.
Mr.Jackson is a forty-two years old African-American man. He is marriedand a father to two children (a daughter aged twelve years and a sonaged eight years). He worked as a data analyst for ten years beforehe was laid off. Recently, he is working as a day laborer in hisneighborhood. Ever since he was young, Mr. Jackson has an activesocial life. Every other weekend and holiday, he is likely to befought at a sort of merrymaking at a pub, club, bar, or restaurant.As usual, liquor is present at all these occasions.
Mr.Jackson is so fond of alcohol. A day cannot pass without him takingseveral bottles. Unfortunately, even his environment facilitates hisdrinking. For instance, most men in the neighborhood are alsoalcoholic, of whom, most are his friends. Also, there are severalpubs in his neighborhoods hence, alcohol is always available. Duringweekends, Mr. Jackson hung out with his friends where liquor ispresent. They believe they have to enjoy two or three social drinks.
Conversely,his working companies do not encourage alcohol abuse. Due tofrequently arriving job late, high level of absenteeism, and frequentquarrels with his co-workers he was laid off as a data analyst.Similarly, Jackson is also in problems with his current employer whoalways threaten to fire him if he continues with the alcohol abuse.
Tohim, he says alcohol has destroyed his life, as well as that of hisfamily. Whenever he is intoxicated with alcohol, everything sinksmore and more, and life becomes a problem. Initially, Mr. Jackson didnot admit he was alcoholic and said it was just a weekend habit. Mr.Jackson says his life is a complex one, with a fame of a drunkard manin the neighborhood. Similar to the workplace, he creates muchtrouble with his neighbors especially when he is drunk. However,worse of all, Jackson has neglected his responsibility as a husbandand father. His wife is now the breadwinner after he failed toprovide for the family. The little money that he makes he uses it tobuy some drinks in a nearby pub.
Nonetheless,his family has tried to help him get out of alcohol addiction. Hiswife, for example, recommended him to seek assistance at therehabilitation centers. Further, every weekend, she organizes for afamily day out where they hung out in places where liquor is notavailable. However, her husband always excuses himself to be with hisfriends. His mother always advises him and tries to show him thedangers alcohol abuse. She is optimistic that one day he willovercome alcohol addiction.
Luckily,there is light at the end of the tunnel. Recently, Mr. Jacksonacknowledges he was an alcohol, and he needed help. He agreed to joina rehabilitation centre in the two months ago and vied to change hisfriends who mislead him. He is determined to change, as well asregain back his reputation.
Jacksonsays he has been consuming alcohol for the last twenty years. He wasintroduced to alcohol by one of his friends when they were still incollege. He began as a social drinker where he would consume only onweekends. After two years, he began drinking heavily includingworking days. Unfortunately, ever since then, he became an addict anda day would not pass by without him taking several bottles.
Accordingto Johnson(2014),alcohol addicts suffer from withdrawal syndrome whenever they try toreduce or stop alcohol consumption. Likewise, Mr. Jackson experiencesthe same. Some of these effects include body aches, headaches, hightemperatures, nausea, vomiting, seizure, change of blood pressure,pulse rate, and respiratory rate, and noticeable body tremors.
Mr.Jackson admits that he changed his sleeping patterns since he beganan alcoholic. He has changes in personality and moods. Further,alcohol has affected his cognitive skills, he as problems withcoordination and attention span. Besides, he sometimes experiencesdepression, panic, hallucinations, delusion, anxiety, restlessness,appetite loss, and intense cravings for alcohol.
Alcoholaddiction harms families, leads to domestic violence, child abuse,legal and financial difficulties, responsibility negligence, as wellas clinical problems. Considering the above case, it is not easy tolive an addiction life. The negative effects are tremendous hence,it is better to avoid alcohol at all cost (Broweret. al., 2014). Different strategies can be used to deal with the issue, but canonly be valuable if the addict is willing to change. For the case ofJackson, rehabilitation helped him a lot. So far, he has dramaticallyreduced the level of alcohol consumption. Moreover, there are nocases or relapse, neither are there signs of relapse in the future.In the next two months, he is likely to have fully overcomeaddiction.
Brower,K. J., Aldrich, M. S., Robinson, E. A., Zucker, R. A., & Greden,J. F. (2014). Insomnia, self-medication, and relapse toalcoholism. AmericanJournal of Psychiatry.
Johnson,B. A. (2014). Medication treatment of different types ofalcoholism.TheAmerican journal of psychiatry.