Music Analysis


Part1: Playlist 4: Haydn: String Quartet, Po. 76, No.3

Backgroundof composer

This piece was composed by Joseph Haydn, between 1797 and 1797 (Page,2014). Haydn was of Germanic decent, and was a popular composer ofthe Classical Period. He is highly recognized for his contribution tomusic through the piano trio, and musical forms that have earned hima place in the genre of symphony.


This particular quartet is called the Emperor. Inspired by theEnglish national anthem, the hymn was written to honor the monarch.The instruments used case a hymn and variations by being played inturn, following the order of second violin, cello, viola and thefirst violin. Music analysts have described it as a four-square andstatic. This is because the creation draws more from politicaladmiration, rather than the musical content. Regardless, the entirepresentation is smooth and flawless, and manages to excite theaudience with a lot of anticipation. The first movement is composedof G-E-F-D-C [K]. this is a theme that the audience of the classicalperiod would have easily followed to, hence, lacking complexity. AnA-major Trio is created by the menuett. As the pieceprogresses, there is a monotonous pudding, which is flanked by alight three-bold tutti. However, after a rather lengthy minor,the composer inserted a sudden C to further excite the audience.

This piece, being a sample out of the classical era, is desired bythe middle class. The creator demonstrates a simplification which isutilized. According to Page (2014), the themes are characterized by aprogression towards an easily understandable form of musicalentertainment, associated with politics, patriotism and the society.

Part2: Cozzolani: Magnificat by Chiara Margarita Cozzolani

Chiara Margarita Cozzolani was an Italian composer and Singer (Page,2014). She is recognized for composing sacred music while she livedin Milan, before she became an abbess and quit her musical career.Her music is recognized as one of the most classical ones of thebaroque era. While active, and after her death, her compositions wereperformed in operas in Italy and around Europe.


Magnificat is rich in musical texture. It has richly sonorous chords,which make the pillars for penitential contemplation. The composercreated it with the intention of describing God’s vengeance, hencethe rich textural feeling. The piece is characterized by structuralrepetitions, which drive the sacred texts that come along with theentire composition. One of the four voices that sing along to themusic’s extravagantly florid motets. For expressiveness, thecomposer included a dialogue between the Virgin Mary and the Catholicfaithful. The projection of the voices is engineered to produce agenerous acoustic shading of the tune that emerges from the entirecomposition. Additionally, this piece is unique as it draws upon thepower of the feminine voice, occasionally cut by a bass. The bass isa product of the instruments that are used to play the tune. However,there is an inner voice that complicates the smoothness of thefeminine voice, which pulls the pitch down to a tiresome level.

TheBaroque era, which this piece belongs to, is noted for itscharacteristic melodic and plain style. The composers drew uponelegance to create a connection between the music and the audience.Also significant, the style is highly influenced by religion,particularly Roman Catholic. The composers of the baroque era piecesalso tended to think through the feeling of the music by contrastingorder and commotion at a go.


Page, J.K. (2014). Convent music and politics ineighteenth-century Vienna. Cambridge University Press.