Thesamples of study are two articles taken from the journal of nursingscholarships. The first article is health education needs ofincarcerated women by Dinkel and Schmidt and the second article isspirituality as a predictive factor for signing an organ donor cardby Anat, Tamar and Semyon. The first article investigates thehealthcare education requirements of incarcerated women in a nationcorrections facility (Dinkel &amp Schmidt, 2014). The second articlechecks the variation in the spirituality, attitude toward organdonation and the aim in life of between the individuals who signedand did not sign the organ card of donation. The sample of the firstarticle is purposive sample that focused on two groups of females putin security facility. One group is put in maximum security, and theother is put in medium security. In the second article, the sample ofthe study is the general population.

Thedemographic characteristic of the first article sample is groups ofwomen housed in security facility. The pollution focused on womenhoused in the medium security inmates and maximum-security inmates.The group from the maximum security comprise of eight females withages that range between 25 to 51 years. The second group had eightfemales from the medium security aged between 22 to 48 years. Fromthe second article, the sample was made of the general populationthat consisted of 312 respondents. A 220 of the respondent from thegeneral population signed the card of which male made 21.5 percent,and females made 78.5 percent.

Themethod used for data collection in first articles was naturalisticqualitative research in which the data collected was examined using aconstant comparison method(Dinkel &amp Schmidt, 2014). The secondarticle used a descriptive cross-sectional survey in which a webbased and the participant used paper questionnaire.

Thesampling design of the first article was a descriptivecross-sectional survey taken in Israel. The sampling design of thesecond article was a qualitative naturalist designed to be used inthe investigation of the two focus groups.

Thetool used in the first article provided a strengthened credibilitythrough the provision of unique insight by the informants, usage ofthe nonrandom and purposive sample. The validity and reliability ofthe method used in the first article were strengthened byconfidentiality provide by the groups, which was achieved by the useof constant comparison method to study the data of the whole studyteam members. The reliability and validity of the second articlecomes out clearly through the study demonstrating transcendentalspirituality, this was achieved when the study a logistic regressionanalysis was conducted. The tool demonstrated the attitude toward thedonation of the organ that made the huge contribution of the model.The tool also showed understanding of the respondents on the factorsinfluencing the decision to sign and not to sign the donor card of anorgan.

Thelegal and the ethical concerns were followed in the first articlebecause it was approved by the IRB, the university institutionalreview board and the state department of corrections. This is becauseone of the inmate was selected by the department of correction toparticipate on the university IRB as needed. The inmate gave herapproval of the proposed study. The study in the second article islegal and ethical because the Tel Aviv University ethics committeeapproved it because forty-three of the respondents were recruitedthrough the snowball method.


Dinkel,S., &amp Schmidt, K. (2014). Health Education Needs of IncarceratedWomen.&nbspJournalof Scholarship,&nbsp229-234.doi:doi: 10.1111/jnu.12079