Outline Outline





Theauthor’s purpose is to criticize the effectiveness of technology inreplacing human labor.

Thecentral question

Whyare there still more jobs despite the upsurge in productiontechnology?

Theauthor challenges the ability of technology to substitute theapplication of human labor in the industry.

Whyshould we care, in the author`s view

Inthe author’s view, it is imperative to care about the productiontechnology due to its application to modern economics and the dailylives of people. As part of an ongoing debate, the application oftechnology in manufacturing is presumed to reduce the amount of humanlabor demand.

Author’sknowledge perspective

Theauthor provides a fresh source of data as he argues that there aretasks that require psychomotor skills to be handled by the robots.Consequently, the advancement in technology does not fully eliminatethe job opportunities in the market.


Theauthor has used a case study method to exhibit the point of view invarious industries. For example, the result of the introduction ofATMs in the USA banking industry. The case demonstrates theinefficiency of the ATMs to eliminate fully the need for Banktellers. The ATM machinery was deficient in carrying out somefunctions that required human labor. The second case study is aboutthe effect of the introduction of Robots to install windshieldscreens in motor vehicles. Although the robots replaced human labor,jobs such as replacing a broken windshield required human labor dueto special psychomotor skills requirements.

Stepsin the author’s argument

First,the author provides the argument behind the article. The argument isthe reason for the existence of many jobs despite the currentmechanization that is against human labor. Second, the authorprovides evidence in real life examples for the argument.


Theauthor concludes that it is impossible for technology to substitutehuman labor. As a conclusion, the author makes a recommendation forthe development of human skills that fully complement with thetechnological advancements. The reason behind such a conclusion isdue to the unavoidable fact that technology is here to stay. It is upto the humans to develop their skills to match with futurerequirements