PERSONAL VALUES, MORALS AND ETHICS IN DECISION MAKING 4
Personalvalues, Moralsand Ethics in DecisionMaking
Personalvalues, moralsand ethics in DecisionMaking
Valuesare those continuous beliefs or attitudes on the worth of a person,object or even actions (Masters, 2014). They are mostly learntthrough assimilations of a way of life or experiences. Personalvalues are those specific values that are internalized from anenvironment one lives in. My personal belief is in making positivechanges in a person’s health, whenever I get the chance. It isimportant to value the sanctity of human life. Altruism has been mypersonal value that drove me to nursing. Therefore personal valuesgive a person a sense of uniqueness in and the right to their ownindividuality. They are important because aid in nurse’s ethicaldecision making and actions.
Moralsare a set of guidelines that defines what is right in character,attitude and conduct (Masters, 2014). Growing up in a religiousbackground, I have learnt the importance of being truthful.Therefore, I hold it that giving a lie is morally wrong. What ismorally right could be illegal. It is important to note that moralsmay sometimes disagree with the law (Wheeler, 2012). An example is aspeeding car with someone who is being rushed to the hospital fortreatment because of a breathing problem. This will conclude the actbeing morally right but legally wrong. Nurses also find a similarconflict with religion. Some religious beliefs make decision makingin nursing a challenge because they challenge the nursing standards.
Ethicsare the rules that govern the right conduct. Nursing and otherprofessions often insist on the administration of the code of ethicsduring the course of professionalism. Usually, these codes of ethicsare shared amongst a group of people sharing common ideals and values(Carvalho et al, 2012). This serves as a standard guideline for anyprofessional actions based on their moral judgments. Ethics helpsnurses in decision making because personal beliefs do not reflect onthat process.
Healthcareis often based with scenarios where there is a conflict in beliefsbetween the healthcare workers and the patients (Carvalho et al,2012). Personal values are the most set of values that are challengedin this area. A perfect example is a nurse who does not believe inabortion. Some believe that the unborn baby has a right to life anduphold the sanctity of life. There are some healthcare workers whooften refuse to take part in this process based on their personalbeliefs. As defined earlier, these beliefs are defined by religiouspractices and cultural upbringings. This is often one area thatcauses a challenge among some healthcare workers and their patients.
Asdefined earlier, morals are a set of principles that define what isright or wrong. This is normally in the societal settings. There arenew emerging cultures that are not accepted wholly in the society(Wheeler, 2012). Such an example is homosexuality. There is oftencause of conflict between some healthcare workers and patients whoare homosexuals. These healthcare workers may not approve of thatlifestyle and as a result refuse to treat such patients. By so doing,they fail to honor their fundamental duty of health care because oftheir moral standings.
Adherenceto Nursing Standards is the nursing ethical, theoretical frameworkthat influences my personal worldview. Because of the standards, Iview nursing as a professional practice for serving humanity. This isbecause this basic value is diminishing in a world consumed bypersonal ambitions and global competitions. Although personal valuesand moral codes are important, it is essential for the healthcarepractitioners to embrace the professional code of ethics anddischarge their services fairly because healthcare is a universalhuman need.
CarvalhoS., Reeves M., & Oxford J. (2012). FundamentalAspects of legal, ethics, and professional Issues Facing nursing.London: A&D Media Limited
Masters,K. (2014). Roleof development in Professional Nursing Practice.Burlington. Jones and Bartlett Learning Ltd
Wheeler,H. (2012). Law,Ethicsand Professional Issues for Nursing: A reflective Portfolio.New York. Routledge