Post-StrangulatedHernia and Recovery with Consideration to Physical Activity
Ahernia a medical condition resulting from a protruding tissue due toa defect in its surrounding walls. Hernias occur mainly in athletes,bodybuilders, and people who engage in heavy lifting or otherstrenuous exercises.Herniasare broadly divided into two groups depending on whether they developin the groin or upper abdomen, and each group contains severalsubdivisions(Kingsnorthand Majid 275). Hernia can affect anyone, but some people are at ahigher risk due to factors such as obesity, previous adnominalsurgery, straining during bowel movement, lifting heavy objects, andpersistent sneezing. The defect is corrected using a hernia repairsurgery.
However,sometimes the condition deteriorates and results in a strangulatedhernia. It is the most dangerous complication of the conditionresulting in a medical emergency where the loop of the bowel istrapped in the hernia defect. A strangulated hernia stops the bloodsupply to the herniated tissue (Kingsnorthand Majid 276). In most cases, a strangulated hernia affects thesmaller hernia because they are at higher risk of being clamped bythe muscle opening. One of the most common symptoms of a strangulatedhernia is the sudden onset of acute pain in the location of a hernia.The pain from this condition is different from other hernias becauseit is very quick and intensifies the longer a hernia remainsuntreated. Another symptom is discoloration of the region where ahernia turns dark red or purple when they are strangulated. Othersymptoms include nausea and fever. A strangulated hernia requires anemergency repair to release the trapped bowel and returning it insidethe abdominal cavity(Kingsnorthand Majid 277). When the condition is corrected quickly, a patientshould have a complete recovery and further improve their healththrough various physical activities because they promote blood flow,bowel movement, and strengthen the pelvic and abdominal muscles.
Immediatelyafter discharge, a patient is recommended to take plenty of rest.However, after two week, he or she can start engaging in minimalphysical activities to help with the healing process. The physicalactivities are particularly crucial to the recovery process. In mostcases, the specialists use the laparoscopic surgery to repair astrangulated hernia from inside the abdomen(Kingsnorthand Majid 282). Therefore, the recovering patient has to keep theabdominal walls healthy and strong to keep the condition fromrecurring, which can be achieved with physical activities. Moreover,physical activities help to tighten up and reduce the outwardpressure of sagging internal organs. Several body tissues and musclesare involved in maintaining the structure and strength of theabdomen. Accordingly, engaging in exercises stretches the linksbetween the shoulders, rib cage, and abdomen. Hence, it helps inpulling up the pelvic floor and pushing up the lower abdomen, whichstrengthens those specific muscles (W. Hoeger and A. Hoeger 285).
Physicalactivities promote blood flow and increase circulation. As explainedearlier, strangulated hernias occur when the blood supply is cut offfrom the hernia area. Therefore, blood flow throughout the bodyrepairs the damaged muscle and tissue around a hernia. Furthermore,itimproves mood and promotes sleep. A post-strangulated hernia patientis required to rest, but sometimes, it may be hard to have a peacefulrest when someone spends too much time relaxing. Therefore, thephysical activities will help break the routine while relaxing thebody, which promotes better sleep (W. Hoegerand A. Hoeger 287).
Additionally,the physical activities improve digestions and relieve constipation.One of the known causes of hernias is excessive constipation.Besides, constipation after surgery can cause grave danger to thepatient and hinder proper healing. Consequently, engaging in minimalexercises helps to generate a bowel movement, which relievesconstipation further enhancing the healing process (W. Hoeger and A.Hoeger 288).
What’smore, even the simplest of physical activities such as walking goes along way to improving a post-strangulated hernia recovery process.Without too much rest and little movement, the muscle can weakenfurther making it hard to recover fully from both the surgery and thehernia(W. Hoegerand A. Hoeger 287). Theexercises restore muscle strength that is lost when someone issuffering from a hernia and after surgery. Besides,too much rest causes a loss of muscle tone, which can make arecovering patient more likely to suffer from a hernia again in thefuture.Furthermore, exercises will reduce the risk of having a recurrenthernia or other severe health conditions (W. Hoegerand A. Hoeger 223).
Nevertheless,even with the known benefits of the physical activities, it isimportant to emphasize that the patient should not try to matchanother person’s post-strangulated hernia results. Every situationis different thus, being competitive might cause more harm than good(Kingsnorth and Majid 273). Furthermore, there are no setrequirements for the physical activities a patient should undertaketo have positive results. It relies on numerous factors such as thepatient’s age, time since the surgery, and most importantly, howcomfortable the patient is when undertaking the activities.Nonetheless, one can start with simple physical activities as soon asthey are comfortable to do so though one should not rush into it.Subsequently, the patient can gradually increase their physicalactivities with the doctor’s approval and ensure that they do notstrain the hernia area. Then again, one should avoid strenuousactivities and heavy lifting for about four to six weeks after thesurgery(Kingsnorthand Majid 273). As well, contact sports and vigorous exercises shouldbe avoided for approximately three weeks since the surgery, but thetime limit can vary in different patients. Besides, recoveringpatients are generally expected to maintain a healthy weight, eatinghigh-fiber food, and getting help for chronic constipation and coughsto have a full recovery.
Inconclusion, a strangulated hernia occurs when a patient does not havecorrective surgery to treat a hernia defect. The strangulated herniasare extremely dangerous, and they require immediate medicalattention. They are repaired through emergency surgery because thecondition can is life threatening. After surgery, an individual canuse several measures to ensure a successful recovery and prevent ahernia from recurring. Nonetheless, one of the significant recoverystrategies is the physical activities. Too much rest can loosen themuscle tone making recovery almost impossible and increasing the riskof having the hernia again. Therefore, a person can start with simplemuscle toning exercises such as walking. The physical activitiesincrease blood flow, reduces constipation, and strengthen theabdominal muscles, which helps to heal the region affected by ahernia. However, even in the case of simple exercises, an individualshould ensure they do overwork their body. Furthermore, the recoveryprocess also depends on several factors such as the invasiveness ofthe surgery, patient’s age, and other related medical conditions.Nothing is worse to an athlete or a bodybuilder than having to endtheir training or career due to a hernia injury. However, exercisingproperly at the right pace helps most patients recuperate from astrangulated hernia and return to their daily activities withcomplete recovery taking about a month.
Hoeger,Werner W. K, and Sharon A. Hoeger. LifetimePhysical Fitness & Wellness: A Personalized Program.Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth, 2013. Print.
Kingsnorth,Andrew N., and Aljafri A. Majid. Fundamentalsof Surgical Practice.2nd Ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Print.