Question 1 a. Fish`s


  1. Fish’s

Twomorphemes: fish-’s. Free root morpheme fish-plus inflectional affix -’s.

  1. Scientist

Twomorphemes: scient-ist. Bound root morpheme scient-plus derivational suffix -ist.

  1. Matchbook

Twomorphemes: match-book two free root morphemes match-and -book.

  1. Deduce

Twomorphemes: de-duce derivational prefix de-plus bound root morpheme -duce.

  1. Marvellous

Threemorphemes: marvel-l-ous free root morpheme marvel-,derivational infix -l-and derivational suffix -ous.

  1. Recitation

Threemorpheme: re-citat-ion derivational prefix re-,bound root morpheme -citat-and derivational suffix -ion.

  1. Irreducible

Threemorphemes: ir-reduc-ible it has prefix ir-,derivational suffix -ibleand bound root morpheme -reduc-.

  1. Impatiently

Threemorphemes: im-patient-ly it has derivational prefix im-,free root morpheme -patient-and derivational suffix –ly.

  1. Unimpressive

Threemorphemes: un-impress-ive it has derivational prefix un-,afree root morpheme -impress-and derivational suffix -ive.

  1. Restlessness

Threemorphemes rest-less-ness it has free root morpheme rest-plus derivational infix –less-,andderivational suffix -ness.


  1. Updated (Verb)

  1. Unshockability (Noun)

  1. Reassuringly (Verb)

  1. Untruthful (Adjective)


  1. Unchildish (Adverb)



Gloss:possible to undo


Gloss:not doable (i.e., not possible to do)

Question4 (10 points)

  1. Morphological process manifested in Group I: Prefixation

Morphologicalprocess manifested in Group II: Suffixation

Morphologicalprocess manifested in Group III: Infixation

  1. In Group I, a noun is derived from a verb by adding the first consonant of the verb as a derivational prefix to the verb. Group II, shows derivational morphology where derivational suffix -on is added to a verb to change it to an adjective, but where the verb ends with –a suffix –yon is used instead. In Group III, the second consonant of adjective is added to the same adjective as an infix to change it to an adverb.

  2. In Group II, a phonological process has been used in the derivational process. The allomorphs used are suffix –on and –yon. . The allomorphs are placed as suffix, at the end of the verb. Where the verb ends with a vowel suffix allomorph –yon is used and suffix allomorph –on is used where the verb does not end with a vowel.


Inthis language, the infix -umi-is inserted after the first consonant of the noun or adjective. Wherethe first consonant in the noun or adjective is followed by –ithe–iis deleted when placing the infix.


Identifyall of the morphemes in the Aztec words and give English meanings foreach.

Morphemesin Aztec words and their English meanings:

Aztec English

Kali house,

Pelo dog,

Kwahmili cornfield,

no- my

mo- your

i- his

-mes plural

Isthere a specific order that the morphemes must appear in? If so, whatis that order?

Yesthere is a specific order that the morphemes in Michoacan Aztec wordsappear in. The order is Person-root-tense.


  1. Skinhead- it is exocentric because it represents a person with particular social characteristics, that is, with a head that is shaven.

  2. Killjoy- it is exocentric because it represents someone who spoils enjoyment for others deliberately. It does not represent a type of joy.

  3. Bath towel- this word is endocentric because it represents a type of towel. It is a towel that is large used to dry oneself after a shower or a bath.

  4. Death blow- this word is endocentric. It represents an occurrence that lead to a sudden cessation of something that is of importance.

  5. Airhead- it is exocentric because it is not a type of head. It represents a person who is foolish.

  6. Brain dead- it is endocentric because it represents a type of brain that has completely lost its function.

Question8 (10 points)

  1. Back-formation

  2. Derivation

  3. Blending

  4. Compounding

  5. Derivational

  6. Clipping/truncation

  7. Acronym

  8. Derivation

  9. Blending

  10. Conversion


  1. “We visited my uncle at Christmas.”

  2. “I can’t concentrate because my dishwasher is grinding

  3. “You’d better bubblewrap that ornament or else it might break.”

  4. “As the stringy-cheese hung precariously from my lips, our eyes met!”

  5. “We had to backform words in Ling 300 today.”


a.List the morphemes corresponding to the following Englishtranslations.

I te come wan future hi


go___mi present progressive___we

Pastprogressive ___aj

b.What type of affixes are the subject morphemes? Prefixes

c.What type of affixes are the tense morphemes? Suffixes

d.What is the order of morphemes in Isleta? Person-root-tense

e.How would you say each of the following in Isleta?

Hewent. ___mimiban___

Iwill go. __temihi

Youwere coming. _awanaj__


  1. Morpheme ‘in’ or ‘at’ are locative adverbs, in Turkish they are represented by the derivational suffix –de or –te

  2. In this case, there is more than one sound in complementary distribution with the underlying phoneme in the same environment. [+stop/+voice] →[+fricative] / [+vowel]_

  3. Phoneme is a basic speech sound used to distinguish one word from another. Phonemic transcription is written in slashes//and allophonic transcription is represented in brackets [ ]. The slash means ‘in the environment’ and /_] means in the environment just before the end of the word. (X → Y / A __ B) means the phoneme /X/becomes [Y]in the environment _] word.

  4. /X/ is the underlying form of morpheme sine it is the sound which occurs in the elsewhere environment

  5. The mapping between an underlying phoneme and its surface allophones is a rule or




Ebbers,(2010). Master morpheme list from Vocabulary Through Morphemes:Suffixes,Prefixes, and Roots for Grades 4-12,2nd Edition. Retrieved from:

ProfessorOiry (2009). How to do morphological analysis (or any other kind oflinguistic analysis). Retrieved from: