RecognizingPrescription Drug Abuse and Addiction in Patients
RecognizingPrescription Drug Abuse and Addiction in Patients
Drugabuse is a chronic problem that cuts across all levels of society.The health problem has potential irreversible consequences. Drugabuse and addiction is highly likely to affect personalrelationships, educational opportunities, employment status, andgeneral health of a person. Drug addiction comes as a result of theinitial decision to voluntarily abuse the drug oftenly. With time,the chemical substances begin to disrupt a person’s central nervoussystem, individual are self-control, and eventually is unable tocontrol the urge to use the drug more. However, Felicilda-Reynaldo(2014) noted that drug abuse and addition can be prevented ifdetected early. There are systematic reviews in regard to theeffectiveness of prevention of drug abuse. They are delivered throughthe multimedia channels, and are implemented in communities andschools, with potential shown to have reduced people’s intentionsdrug and alcohol abuse.
Severalrisks are as a result of addiction to prescription drugs. Theaddiction happens when drugs are used in ways that are against thoseprescribed by the physician. Addiction is as a result of overdose,combination of drugs and alcohol, and different routes of drugadministration (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). Patients, theirphysicians, and pharmacists, all are in a better position to play arole in the identification, prevention, and prevention ofprescription drug abuse. Felicilda-Reynaldo (2014) observed that 80%of the Americans have had contact with the health care professionalsover the past year. This has placed the physicians in a uniqueposition, not to prescribe medication alone, but also to identifydrug abuse, which has escalated to drug addiction.
Byinquiring about all the drugs, patients can be assisted by thephysicians to identify that their problems are in existence, bysetting recovery goals, and seeking appropriate treatment. To screenfor drug abuse prescription requires incorporation into medicalvisits (NAME, YEAR). Doctors are also advised to take note ofincreasing amounts of medication frequent or needed, and unscheduledrequests from the drug abuse patients. Drugs are also advised to bevigilant to the fact that the drug abuse and addiction patients maybe involved in an effort to acquire multiple drugs prescription tothose they abuse.
Consideringprescription drug abuse may end up with severe and even fatal healthcomplications depending to the kind of medical abuse. Abuse ofstimulants may result in sudden cardiac arrest, seizures, and highbody temperature levels (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). Abuse of opioidsfor example, may lead to coma and respiratory arrest. Sedativesoverdose result in respiratory suppression, and may end up with deathof the patient. Stopping or preventing drug abuse represents animportant section of patient care. Healthcare providers however,should not avoid prescription stimulants, opioid pain, and CNSdepressants relievers if there is need to.
Governmenthealth agencies have continuously stressed on the need to examine andscreen patients for illicit drug and alcohol use and abuse in orderto provide treatment early, and thus reduce the risk of developingpsychiatric and medical illnesses due to drug and substance abuse.For their part, Felicilda-Reynaldo (2014) advised that patients canalso take steps to ensuring that they appropriately use prescriptionmedications. They can do this by following prescribed directions,being aware of the potential mix up with another person’s drugprescription. Additionally, with their medical condition, patientsshould ensure they inform their physicians and other healthcareprofessionals about drug prescriptions, herbal and dietarysupplements, and OTC Medicines.
Thepharmacists are mandated to dispense medications, but also can assistthe patients into better understanding of instructions before takingthe drugs. By ensuring that pharmacists become watchful foralterations or prescription falsifications, the pharmacists would beable to serve as a line of defense in identifying and recognizingprescription drug abuse (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). According toFelicilda-Reynaldo (2014), most pharmacies have come up with ahotline for alerting other pharmacies in the region, especially whena discouraged description is detected. In addition, the use of PDMPs(Prescription Monitoring Drug Programs) will demand that pharmacistsand physicians log every prescription file into a database, willassist the physicians and pharmacists in identifying patientsacquiring drug prescriptions from multiple outlets.
Accordingto a survey, there is an alarming rate of drug abuse of prescriptionstimulants, especially for non-medical use among college students.The past rates of nonmedical drug use were estimated to stand at 5%to 30% (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). It was found out more than 60% ofstudents had at some point been given prescription stimulants fornonmedical use for a period of 4 years. It is understood that themain motive for majority of students for using prescriptionstimulants was meant to help them stay awake for a long time. Studyshows that 90% of them are administered orally (Felicilda-Reynaldo,2014). The same students now engage in the nonmedical use of thedrugs by having a continuous pattern of abuse and misuse of illicitdrugs.
Abuseof drugs has had effects on one’s body, family, mental health,children, and community. Drug abuse and addiction negatively impactson the body. Some of the effects include changes in sleep patterns,cognitive abilities, and decrease in memory. Psychologically, effectsof drugs include intensive use of these drugs, changes on one’smoods, depression, and aggressiveness (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). Onlifestyle, drug abuse and addiction include bizarre character towardshis or her family, pulling away from family and children, and notbeing able to provide. Physical effects on these individuals may bepassed on to their family and children. Sone children are born tomothers addicted to drugs. These children may cognitively affectthroughout life. Treatment-types of drug addiction include behavioraltherapies and other treatment programs, which include the use ofchanges in lifestyles and counselling.
Inconclusion, recognizing prescription drug abuse and addiction inpatients, some addictions for example, opioid addiction is treatedthrough the use of prescribed medication. The use of pharmacologicaltreatments is able to counter drug effects on the brain andbehavioral patterns. They can also be used for withdrawal symptoms,overcome cravings of drugs, and treatment of drug overdose. Eventhough pharmacological or behavioral approach alone could be enoughfrom treatment of some patients, a combined approach according to thestudy may be the best.
Felicilda-Reynaldo,F. D. (2014). Recognizing Signs of Prescription Drug Abuse andAddiction, Part I & II. MedsurgNursing : Official Journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses,23, 6.