Reflection on Nelson Mandela and Apartheid


Reflectionon NelsonMandela and Apartheid

Reflectionon NelsonMandela and Apartheid

InSouth Africa, Apartheid had become a system of governance. The systemadvocated for racial prejudice where the whites were the rulingclass. The blacks were segregated. They were sidelined and made tosettle in a filthy environment. They would walk around only withpasses. They were given little education and employmentopportunities. They were not allowed to participate in elections.Therefore, it was impossible to rule out the whites from theleadership. It was in response to racial equality that the AfricanNational Congress (ANC) movement was formed. The movement was toresist the oppressive system of governance. They wanted equal rightsfor all people despite the race (Krabill,2010).

Theleaders of ANC, Mandela included, with the influence of MahatmaGandhi and other literature writers adopted a non-violent way offighting for their rights. They would strike as well as organizeboycotts. They avoided instances of bloodshed. However, thenon-violent way of fighting for equality did not succeed. The peoplewho were caught protesting were thrown in jail and sentenced toincarceration. Mandela included. When the blacks realized thatpeaceful demonstration did not work, there was a need to adopt aviolent fight for equality(Madugba, 2015).

Mandela,a then President of ANC, initiated a violent resistance to apartheid.He was tried and found guilty of inciting youths to be violent andsentenced to life incarceration. However, his suffering was amotivation for the anti-apartheid movement. Being in prison, hecontinued to preach his views towards leadership. It explains thereason as to why he refused to trade his freedom and violent fightagainst apartheid(Gibbs, 2014).He constantly encouraged the anti-apartheid fighters.

Hisactions are justified since the blacks were oppressed. About the factthat a non-violent way of fighting for freedom had failed, they hadno choice but to use a violent way to end apartheid. There was a needfor equal treatment of all races. The actions of Nelson Mandela canbe justified through the end results. To the end of the violence, theANC was formalized, and Mandela was released. The black SouthAfricans attained their freedom, and there was no revenge massacre(Crompton, 2007).

Theuse of violence in the fight against Apartheid brought peace in SouthAfrica. The White South Africans who were the leaders and who used tooppress the black citizens were overthrown. The leader of NAC becamethe president when the party was elected to be the ruling party.Mandela, a president who was very rational, worked on the governancerules instead of inciting the blacks to revenge on the Whites. Hemanaged to enhance peace and equality. The Whites in the country wereprotected by the laws just like the blacks, coloured and Indians(Madugba,2015). Therefore,harmony was achieved in the nation, and this is what Mandela desiredfor his country.

Eearlymodern ethical thinkers Hobbes, Hume, and Kant, believed thateveryone had a right to need something. Therefore, they would doanything to acquire what they wanted. In addition to that, they addedthat those who desired something were supposed to be given. Therefore, they support the actions of Mandela. Mandela wanted toemancipate his people from the oppressive governance. He tirelesslytoiled for freedom and equality. Therefore, he had to do anything,including inciting the youths to be involved in the violentanti-apartheid movement.


Crompton,S. E. (2007). NelsonMandela: Ending apartheid in South Africa.New York: Chelsea House.

Gibbs,T. (2014). Mandela`skinsmen: Nationalist elites &amp apartheid`s first Bantustan.London: James Currey Publishing

Krabill,R. (2010). StarringMandela and Cosby: Media and the end(s) of Apartheid.Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Madugba,S. (2015). Mandela:Echoes of Apartheid and Impunity: Chronological Predictions andFulfillments.Johannesburg: Author House.