Research Tradition and Design of Phenomenology


ResearchTradition and Design of Phenomenology

Thephenomena of interest in relation to purpose of the study

Thephenomenon of interest in this case is the need for social supportbetween diagnosis and treatment of patients suffering from breastcancer. Research shows that this period is principally stressful.Wait time for patients suffering from breast cancer is a majorcontributor to disease outcomes as well as patient satisfaction.During this period, social support is a prerequisite and is linkedwith superior adjustment to cancer. Lack of it leads to amplifiedpsychological distress. For the current study, Dickerson et al (2011)aimed at describing the common meanings, shared experiences andpractices of social support of women within the days between breastcancer diagnosis and treatment initiation.

Whilesocial support amongst breast cancer women has been researchedglobally, the studies indicate that the needs are different dependingwith ones cultural background. Therefore, while support is vital, itis important to recognize its meaning and shared experiences of womenprior to treatment.

Howthe researchers explain what is already known about the phenomenon

Thephenomenon of social support has been studied by various researchersaround the globe. While most people are familiar about it,researchers in the current study have taken a different route intheir explanation, probably to differentiate themselves.

Dickersonet al (2011) research has provided a distinctive outlook that has thepotential to enlighten the nursing practice. Insights achieved fromthe participants’ stories could be utilized by nursingprofessionals across the globe to generate questions while at thesame time, investigating pretreatment support requirements indifferent cultural settings.

Thestudy findings have been obtained by analyzing existing secondarydata. However, in order to overcome the limitations linked with thismethodology, the researchers have accessed the initial researcher whogathered the data. Through this, they have offered an appropriateunderstanding of the issue at hand, while validating the method usedto collect data.

Researchtradition and design

Thedesign employed Heideggerian Hermeneutics to carry out a secondaryanalysis of already gathered data from a previous qualitative study.The purpose was to develop content while at the same time, respond toqueries not previously tackled in the original study. The latteremployed the grounded theory technique to generate a theory ofpsychological adjustment among women towards breast cancer. That wasbeneficial in the current study as the narrative texts offered anexceptional set of thorough discussions of experiences among womensuffering from breast cancer.

Whetherthe research design was appropriate to answer the research question

Itis true to say that the research design was suitable to answer theresearch question. First of all, the researchers used narrative textfrom a previous study to explore a new area with an aim of gainingknowledge of the implication of social support during breast cancerpretreatment period.

Theapplication of Heideggerian phenomenological methodology helped indiscovering the contextual meaning of a person’s life afterdiagnosis. This is similar to the objective of the study that focusedon depicting the common meanings of social support during thisperiod. The approach also offered an exceptional practical knowledgethat concerns experiences among women as far as social support isconcerned.

Isthere congruence among the research question, qualitative approach,design, and specific research tradition?

Byreading the study, any reader could recognize that there iscongruence among the research question, qualitative approach, designand the specific research tradition. To start with, asaforementioned, the chosen research design and tradition wereappropriate to address the research question. Secondly, thequalitative approach provided a practical knowledge concerning theexperiences of women related to social support after being diagnosedwith breast cancer. In fact, this is congruent with the initialresearch that allowed secondary analysis to be used in the currentdata set.


Dickerson,S. S., Alqaissi, N., Underhill, M. &amp Lally, R.M. (2011).Surviving the wait: Defining support while awaiting breast cancersurgery. Journalof Advanced Nursing,67(7), 1468-1479.