Scenario 1 Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Scenario1: Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Scenario1: Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Respiratorysyncytial (RSV) refers to a viral infection that affects therespiratory tract and the lungs, thereby reducing functionality. Thisis a common type of infection that affects many children before 2years of birth (Dawson-Caswell &amp Muncier, 2011). The infectionmay also affect adults, but symptoms are mild. The common riskfactors for RSV include age (below 6 months), prematurely bornchildren, infants living in overcrowded areas, and people sufferingfrom immunodeficiency.

Pathophysiology

RSVinfection is caused by a negative-stranded RNA and non-segmentedvirus known as RSV. The virus infects the lower respiratory tractwhere it manifests as an entity of bronchiolitis (Krilov, 2015). Thevirus is inoculated within the upper respiratory tract’s epithelialcells. The virus then spreads down the respiratory tract through theprocess of cell-to-cell transfer. The virus moves alongintracytoplasmic bridges. The virus takes about 1-2 days to spread tosmaller airways after which the patient express different systems,including coughing, wheezing, coryza, and fever (Dawson-Caswell &ampMuncier, 2011). From scenario, it is evident that the patient haspassed the initial stages of infection, which is confirmed bycoughing during the night.

Ageof the patient is the most significant factor that can affect the RSVinfection and coughing that results from the infection. Being aninfant aged below 6 months predisposes an individual to the risk ofcontracting the RSV infection (Dawson-Caswell &amp Muncier, 2011).In addition, old age has also been proven to be a predisposing factor(Mayo Clinic, 2015). This means that being too old and too young willincrease the risk of getting infected and re-infected with RSV.Moreover, gender factor has been shown to influence the prevalence ofRSV infection. Male children are more likely to be infected comparedto their female counterparts (Lui, 2014). Therefore, by a male willincrease the risk of getting the disorder and enhance its severity.

Inconclusion, RSV is an infection that is common among infants, but italso affects adults, especially older adults. Age is among the keyfactors that increase the risk of getting infected with RSV. Inaddition, being a male is a predisposing factor, although the reasonfor this relationship has not been established.

References

Dawson-Caswell,M. &amp Muncier, L. (2011). Respiratory syncytial virus infection inchildren. AmFAM Physician,15 (83), 141-146.

Lui,T. (2014). Respiratory syncytial virus infection: Treatment andprophylaxis. IntellisphereLLC.Retrieved October 5, 2015, fromhttp://www.pharmacytimes.com/publications/health-system-edition/2014/september2014/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-treatment-and-prophylaxis

Krilov,R. (2015). Respiratory syncytial virus infection. WebMD.Retrieved October 5, 2015, fromhttp://emedicine.medscape.com/article/971488-overview#a4

MayoClinic (2015). Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). MayoClinic.Retrieved October 5, 2015, fromhttp://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/respiratory-syncytial-virus/basics/risk-factors/con-20022497