SEX AND GENDER 4
Itis widely alleged that gender differences are socially constructed.The notion has generated both philosophical and sociological viewsabout gender. The social and cultural beliefs have created led to thecreation of ideals along gender lines. Apparently, the differencesbetween men and women are generated through social conventions whileother perspectives claim that the differences are driven by thebiological differences. Gender identity is influenced by the naturaldifferences in ability and interests among different individuals.Women are known to have weak physical capabilities due theirperceived ‘weak nature’. Nonetheless, the notion that genderdifferences are social constructs disagrees with the genetic view. Itis common to find that men and women exhibit certain characteristicsthat inform their behaviors, deeds, and thoughts. I believe thatgender is largely determined by genetics as opposed to individuals.
Genderidentity is largely genetic with men or women adopting thecharacteristics of their previous generations. If one is born awoman, she largely adopts behaviors and characteristics that resonatewith femininity. The idea of womanhood is realized followingcontinuous social interaction with the environment and peers.Ideally, the society identifies two genders namely female and male.Looking at the matter deeply, the idea of transsexuals emerges wherethe category is not recognized in many societies around the world.Studies indicate that even transsexuals have inherent characteristicsthat make one gender more powerful compared to the other. Even theidea of changing gender is socially constructed. This has greatsignificance on believing in the idea that genetics play significantrole in the determination of gender. The idea of sexuality and sexualidentity is largely controversial owing to the need to recognizeother formations such as lesbianism (Jarvis & Russell, 2002).
Moreover,genetics play a significant role in elucidating the natural abilitiesof women. It is widely believed that femininity is associated with‘weak natural abilities’. Looking at the abilities of women, onecan easily tell what gender an individual belongs. Women are known totake or engage in inferior duties and assignments because of theirperceived ‘weak capabilities’. Over time, the society has beentreating women leniently. The view seems to pass from one generationto another. Nonetheless, it is not always true to allege geneticsdetermines the gender of an individual. Social constructions seem toplay significant role in the determination of gender. It is common tofind weak men who cannot match the capabilities of women (Berger &Luckmann, 2011).
Inconclusion, genetics cannot determine the gender of an individual onits own. Social constructions through societal beliefs appear to havesignificant role in examining the idea. Using genetics alone has ledto stereotypes and vices that tend to treat women as inferior beings.It is thus appropriate for philosophers to identify better criteriato inform the society on gender identity. Social beliefs and moralvalues influence our thinking, social practices and decisions. Thesebeliefs are a major contributor to gender bias in the society andinfluence our social judgments on certain aspects. With increasedadvocacy and community support, it will possible to enhance women’scompetitiveness in the society as well as minimize stereotypes onwomen. Laws help regulate the conduct of the society and provide formechanism of remedy for contravention of the human rights of people.This is the major opportunity through which gender discrimination canbe easily dealt with.
Berger,P. L., & Luckmann, T. (2011). Thesocial construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology ofknowledge.New York, NY: Open Road Integrated Media.
Jarvis,M., & Russell, J. (2002). Keyideas in psychology.Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes.