Student`s Name

Last Name 1

Instructors’ Name

Course Name

Question 4: Minimal Pairs and Spelling

  1. [f] versus [v]

Fan [fæn] Van [væn]

Grief [griːf] grieve[griːv]

  1. [w] versus [j]

Win[wɪn] juice[ʤuːs]rewind[riːˈwaɪnd] jump[ʤʌmp]

  1. [ʃ] versus [tʃ]

Cheval [tʃeval]

  1. [m] versus [Å‹]

Mate [meɪt]

Loam [ləʊm]

  1. [ɹ] versus [l]

Brittle [ˈbrɪtl]

Light [laɪt]

Szczebrzeszynie is translated into English asSzczebrzeszyn but not fit into English phonotactics but willbe, however, pronounced or adapted by a native English speaker as[ɕtɕεbȥεɕɨn].The word thus sounds like ‘Shtepzashin’ when pronouncedbecause of the differences in the use of vowels and devoicing of someletters.

Question 13

  1. Sounds are said to be in contrastive distribution if when one is replaced by the other in same word the resultant word has a different meaning.

For instance, [b] and [p] in the words beak andpeak, [t] and [d] in the words tread and dread.

  1. Complementary distribution refers to the relationship of elements of the same type. One element occurs in an environment where the other is non-existent.

Kid[k] skit[kʰ]

These are allophones of the phoneme /k/ since theyoccur in a complementary distribution. [kʰ] occurs at the syllableonset and followed by a stressedvowel(as in the word kin). [p] occurs in all othersituations (as in the word skit).