TheAir Pollution Problem in Beijing
Theair pollution in Beijing is a significant problem that requiresimmediate solutions. First, Beijing is the home of China’s boomingeconomy. The economy’s increasing demand for energy has led to thecreation of coal-fired power plants that provide a majority 80% ofthe required energy.
Thecoals plants have contributed to air pollution inform of soot andsulphur dioxide. Consequently, the air pollution has led to increasedhealth risks. The risks are linked to particulate matter with anaerodynamic diameter less than 2.5microns (PM2.5). The PM2.5,although small, it is prone to contain various toxic and heavymetals, acid oxides pollutants, chemicals, bacteria and virusesbeyond a given surface.
Thefirst problem is the risk of health associated with pollution. It issuch that every human being within Beijing smoked 1.5 cigarettes perhour. The PM2.5 concentration levels have gone beyond the guidelinesof the World Health Organization (WHO). Consequently, there arehigher implied risks to the cardiovascular and neurovascular systems.Besides, the pollution increases the chances of contracting cancer,and it is one of the leading causes of premature deaths. Youngchildren born in Beijing face an increased risk of premature braindevelopment due to the exposure to oxides.
Secondly,the pollution is associated with premature deaths in Beijing.Specifically, it causes approximately 4000 deaths in China.Consequently, deaths cause economic losses approximated to 244million USD. If the air pollution problem can be solved, it wouldresult in 75% reduction in the PM2.5 and lower deaths. Consequently,such a reduction is associated with economic benefits of about 186million USD.