Thepagan writers such as Libanius and Ammianus were strong advocates ofJulian’s reign. According to Ammianus, Julian was a considerateleader, righteous in deeds, taxed people lightly modest and evenabstained from sexual behaviors after the death of his wife. In manyaspects, the writers portrayed Julian as a respectable individualwhose reign was fair to all faiths. However, the Christianscriticized his reign mainly because he wanted to take the Empire backto its ancient days. He was ready to revive ancient Roman religiousdeeds at the expense of Christianity. His anti-Christian anticsespecially endorsement of Neoplatonic paganism drew criticism fromChristians who dubbed him Julian the Apostate. Though the paganwriters may feel justified in defending Julian’s ideologies, theclaims cannot be justified. Though individuals are free to practiceany religion, Julian’s ideas of introducing ancient things at theexpense of Christianity were wrong.



TheGoth’s comprised of a Germanic tribe who were deemed to haveoriginated from Scandinavia. They are described as a unified race ofGermanic individuals, native to their lands and fierce fighters.According to scholars, they were a pure race that never intermarriedwith other nations. Their legacy is hard to tell but as scholarsaffirm, the modern world would cease to exist without them. They arecommonly associated to the collapse of the Roman Empire in thenorthern region of Europe.

Eventsthat caused Goth’s to be campaigning in lower Danube basin

TheGoth’s had been displaced by the Hun’s who were moving westwardsdestroying Gothic realms. Valens, the Emperor for Eastern RomanEmpire let them settle along the Danube, where they intended to dofarming and as well as become soldiers. They settled there as allies.However, mistreatments and exploitation from governors and provincialofficials made the Goth’s to rebel and cross the Danube into theRoman territory, leading to wars.

Wherewas the battle of Adrianople?

Occasionallyreferred to as Hadrianopolis battle, the battle of Adrianople wasfought between Gothic rebels guided by Fritigern and an Eastern Romanarmy guided by Emperor Valens. It happened at the border of Greeceand Bulgaria in Thracia province. The place is roughly 13 kilometersnorth of Adrianople (current Edirne European Turkey).

Part3: Changes in the way emperors deal with pagans in the fourth/fifthcenturies and constantinian dynasty

TheConstantinian dynasty is associated to the fall of paganism. Paganismwas treated as the major religion with only 10% of the Roman Empirebeing Christians in the fourth and early fifth centuries. Constantinewas believed to be against paganism which apparently is not the case.This is because the Arch of Constantine which he built had noChristian symbol instead it depicted sacrifices to the four pagangods. Paganism remained legal during Constantine reign and thefourth/fifth centuries though with limited influence during theformers reign. The paganism influence reduced mainly due toConstantine’s initiative to legalize Christianity. Christianitythen began outnumbering the pagans and subsequently led topersecution of pagans [ CITATION Mat00 l 1033 ].

Part4: Howdoes the Homily of Jacob on Simeon differ from Theodoret`s account?In what ways is it similar and how might we account for thedifferences?


Inboth aspects, St Simeon is portrayed as a righteous individual whosefame spreads across the globe e.g. Persians, Ethiopians, nomadicScythians and the Medes. He is deemed a faithful individual who lovedlabor. His philosophy is also adorable in many aspects. As both Jacoband Theodoret affirm, St Simeon faced a number of challenges and somepoint lived alone in away from the society to pray for almost one anda half years. This was deemed as a miracle and many people henceforthapproached him to intercede in times of prayers. Generally, bothaccounts have a positive view of Simeon’s life.


Thedifferences in both accounts are not that broad. They are mainly interms of time. Tracking time is an aspect that is quite hectic. It istherefore hard for both accounts to be accurate on the same. Thelength of time taken when Simeon was praying is quite confusingespecially taking into account that he did not take any food.Practically speaking it is not easy to stay that long without food.

Inconclusion therefore, St Simeon is a symbol among many Christiansespecially due to his faithful life. He is considered a Saint in manyaspects and though the accounts can be a little bit varying, they areall in unison that Simeon portrayed a life of Christianity.


Mathews, J. (2000). Laying Down the Law. A study of the Theodosian Code. Laying Down the Law. A study of the Theodosian Code .