The Telegraph


Thetelegraph was a discovery in communications that allowed instantcommunications without physical connection between the sender and thereceiver. The telegraph transmitted through codes that correspondedto certain letters of the alphabet. It was discovered by Samuel Morseand so the codes were called the Morse codes (Arnette et al, 2007).The first telegraph was successfully operated in 1832, with the firstsystem operating from Washington D.C to Baltimore. After gaining theconfidence for commercialization, the first transcontinentaltransmitting line was built in 1861 by the Western Union.

Beforethe discovery of the telegraph, people relied on printing press(Arnette et al, 2007). It became the most predominantly used forms ofcommunication as it allowed large quantities of written copy to besent and received faster. As a result, the telegraph changed tradeand commerce. In trade, the telegraph shortened the time it took fortraders to communicate with one another. Before the telegraph,traders waited for long periods of time for information about theirshipments and the time of the delivery of goods. This wassignificantly changed after the discovery and development oftelegraph lines, as trader expanded trade to other continents,leading to intercontinental commerce.

Thediscovery of the telegraph concept and coding system facilitatedgovernance by improving communication in the society. Due to thetelegraph lines, communication between government leaders wasenhanced. Information could be transmitted faster and securelybetween government officials. It became easier for officers exchangeimportant information about the state of affairs of their nations.Thus, this transformation in effect had positive impacts on thepolitical activities. A good example of the use of the telegraph wasin the military. Military officers used the telegraph concept andcoding system to communicate coded messages between the governmentofficers and the military officers on the ground. According toWeinberg (2015), the telegraphic communication was vital in thecommunication system of the Second World War.

Thediscovery of the telegraph improved national and internationalcommunication. Formerly, there existed isolated regions with limitedor no knowledge of each other. This isolation was erased with thisdiscovery. The world was made smaller and information could betransmitted in long distances efficiently thus promoting world peace. Hence, former regional or international rivalries were integrated.The printing press was made obsolete as more and more people employedthis form of communication (Weinberg, 2015). Discovery of telegraphshas led to immense growth in telecommunications which has played aleading role in promoting the working conditions of employees inother industries.

Thediscovery of telegraph opened doors for further discoveries ininternet, radio and telephones (Telegraph Company, 2008). Theinternet communication system used today is as a result of the codingsystem that finds its foundation in the telegraph concept and codingsystem. The telegraph concept and coding system provided theknowledge that is employed in the development of internet messagingsystems (Weinberg, 2015). The internet has led to the positiveadvancement in communication, which has changed the life of thesociety. As a result the passage of information over the internetthrough the telegraph concept and coding system has enhancedglobalization. Hence, the world has been reduced into one globalcommunity that interacts more frequently everywhere (Weinberg, 2015). All these changes and contributions to the modern world show thatthe discovery of telegraph impacted the society in a long term mannerthan it was envisioned in the nineteenth century.


ArnetteC, Seidman D, Whigham R. (2007). SamuelMorse and the Telegraph.Minnesota. Capstone Press

Weinberg,S. (2015). Toexplain the world. Discovery of modern science.London. Penguin Books Limited

Telephoneand Telegraph Company. (2008). Scientificdiscovery and the wireless telephone.Michigan. Telephone and Telegraph Company