TRAITS OF EUROPE 4
TheEnglish language is the most dominant in Europe despite having manylanguages in the continent. This is because if the influence if theunited kingdom in the continent` especially in the eighteenthcentury. According toMairead (2005),the English language is spoken by an approximate 38% of the Europeanscompared to the other languages like French, Russian and Italian. Thedominance if the English language translates to the dominance of theEnglish culture in Europe. This is because spread of a languagecarries with it the spread of the culture of the language(Fairclough,2007). Therefore`the ethnic traits of the traditional European communities havegradually been influenced by the dominant cultures like English,especially in the countries where the language is spoken. The sametrend is observed in communities where both languages like French,Russian and Italian is spoken.
Christianityis the most dominant religion in Europe, accounting for 72% of theEuropeans. Of all the Christians, Roman Catholics are the largestChristian denomination with 48% dominance (Henkel& Hans, 2005).Countries like Italy and England have Christianity as their mainreligion and in most cases the official religion (Henkel& Hans, 2005).However, Islam is present in some parts of Europe as well as Judaism.Islam was introduced in Europe and not a traditional religion for thecontinent. Islam was introduced during the Muslim conquest during the18thcentury. The total number of Muslims in the entire Europe isestimated to be 6% with the exclusion of turkey, which has asignificant number of Muslims. Muslims make over 90% of thepopulations in Kosovo, Northern Cyprus and Turkey (Henkel& Hans, 2005).
Despitethe existence of these types of religion in the continent, the scenehas been changing due to modernity and influence from othercontinents. One of the changes that have been introduced in Europeover the years is the migration of people from one country to another(Henkel& Hans, 2005).Immigration leads to the spread of new cultures and blending of thecultures of the immigrants with that of the host. As a result, Europehas recorded a number of people practicing the Indian Hinduism andDeism, especially in France and Germany (Henkel& Hans, 2005).The same trend is observed in the spread of Islam to theconventionally Christian countries. For instance, the minority Islamfound in the United Kingdom is as a result of migration to thecountry.
Theinfluence of modernity and new views of life has also changed thesocial and cultural perspective of Europe as a continent. This isbecause the influence of the social and religious views from othercontinents has impacted on the Europeans (Henkel& Hans, 2005).For instance, the philosophy of people believing there is no God hasled to the existence of atheists and agnosticism in Europe. This isthe reason for the 7% of the EU citizens being reported to beatheists (Henkel& Hans, 2005).This has taken trend in the late 20thand 21stcenturies.
Anotherfactor influencing the change in trends of the social and culturalaspects in Europe is economic integration. The development of theEuropean Union is indirectly influencing the social values of theEuropean population. Most countries are embracing the socialpractices of other countries, especially those that are dominatingeconomically (Mairead,2005).Other factors influencing the trends include the use of moderntechnology and the internet that has impacted on the interactionsbetween people in the continent. All these factors affect the socialand cultural aspects differently, and have diverse impacts on thecontinent.
Henkel,R., & Hans, K. (2005). TheChanging Religious Landscape of Europe.Amsterdam: HetSpinhuis
Fairclough,N. (2007). Languageand Globalization.New York: Routledge
Mairead,C. (2005). Europeand the Politics of Language: Citizens, Migrants and Outsiders.London: Palgrave